SBI PO-English Grammar handwritten notes pdf

SBI PO-English Grammar handwritten notes pdf

SBI PO-English Grammar handwritten notes pdf

Hello Aspirants,

1. Parts of Speech:

Noun: Names a person, place, thing, or idea.
Pronoun: Replaces a noun to avoid repetition.
Verb: Expresses an action or state of being.
Adjective: Describes or modifies nouns.
Adverb: Describes or modifies verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs.
Preposition: Shows relationships between words.
Conjunction: Connects words, phrases, or clauses.
Interjection: Expresses strong emotions and is often used independently.
2. Sentence Structure:

Subject: The person, place, thing, or idea that the sentence is about.
Predicate: The action or state of being performed by the subject.
Object: The person, place, thing, or idea that receives the action of the verb (direct object) or is affected by the action (indirect object).
3. Tenses:

Present Tense: Describes actions happening now or general truths.
Past Tense: Describes actions that occurred in the past.
Future Tense: Describes actions that will happen in the future.
Present Perfect: Describes actions that started in the past and continue into the present.
Past Perfect: Describes actions completed before a certain point in the past.
Future Perfect: Describes actions that will be completed before a certain point in the future.
4. Active and Passive Voice:

In active voice, the subject performs the action.
In passive voice, the subject receives the action.
5. Articles:

Definite Article: “The” is used before a specific noun.
Indefinite Articles: “A” or “an” are used before nonspecific nouns.
6. Plurals:

Most nouns form plurals by adding “s” to the singular form.
Irregular nouns have unique plural forms (e.g., child/children, mouse/mice).
7. Adjectives and Adverbs:

Adjectives modify nouns (e.g., “big car”).
Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs (e.g., “quickly ran”).
8. Conjunctions:

Coordinating conjunctions (e.g., “and,” “but,” “or”) connect similar words or groups of words.
Subordinating conjunctions (e.g., “because,” “although”) join an independent clause with a dependent clause.
9. Prepositions:

Prepositions (e.g., “in,” “on,” “under”) show relationships in time, place, or direction.
10. Direct and Indirect Objects:
– The direct object receives the action of the verb.
– The indirect object receives the direct object or benefits from the action.

11. Conditional Sentences:
– Conditional sentences express situations that depend on other conditions.
– Common types include zero, first, second, and third conditionals.

12. Gerunds and Infinitives:
– Gerunds are verbs ending in “-ing” used as nouns (e.g., “I like swimming”).
– Infinitives are the base form of verbs (e.g., “to swim”) and can be used as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs.

13. Reported Speech (Indirect Speech):
– Reporting what someone else has said often involves changes in verb tenses and pronouns.

14. Subject-Verb Agreement:
– The subject and verb in a sentence must agree in number and person (e.g., “She runs,” not “She run”).

15. Comparative and Superlative Forms:
– Adjectives and adverbs have comparative (e.g., “faster”) and superlative (e.g., “fastest”) forms.

These are some fundamental aspects of English grammar. Understanding these concepts will help you communicate effectively in English, whether in writing or speaking. Grammar is a complex and dynamic aspect of language, so continued practice and exposure are essential for improving your skills.

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One Liner Related English Grammar Question Answer

Directions (1 – 5): Each of the following sentences is divided into four parts. Any of the parts may contain an error. Select the part that has an error. Select option (d), if you find no error in the sentence. Ignore punctuation errors if any.

1. My sisters-in-law (a)/ who live in Bangalore (b)/ have come to stay with us. (c)/ No error (d)

Answer: a)

2. A woman who always (a)/ connives on the mistakes (b)/ of her children is their worst enemy. (c)/ No error (d)

Answer: b)

3. As the celebration was going (a)/ we noticed Mrs. Sharma fall back (b)/ in her chair gasping for breath. (c)/ No error (d)

Answer: a)

4. Transporting goods by (a)/ air is cheaper (b)/ than land. (c)/ No error (d)

Answer: c)

5. She, you and I (a)/ will manage the (b)/ workflow together. (c)/ No error (d)

Answer: a)

Directions (6 – 10): Choose the option that completes the sentence most meaningfully and appropriately.

6. They recognize that problems that were too big to crack in the past can now be solved precisely because of _____________, algorithms and sensors.  

a)      Amortization

b)      Digitization

c)      Initialization

d)      Localization

Answer: b)

7. According to the last population ____________, globally India has the largest illiterate population.  

a)      Agreement

b)      Economy

c)      Census

d)      Consensus

Answer: c)

8. A transparent regulatory environment, clarity on applicability of existing tax Laws, less __________ by State and minimum restriction or regulation are the key takeaways from the Startup launch.

a)      Interference

b)      Aid

c)      Help

d)      Fund

Answer: a)

9. A Limited Liability Partnership, popularly known as LLP combines the advantages of both the Company and Partnership into a single form of organization and offers a ___________ structure.  

a)      Homogeneous

b)      Concentration

c)      Separated

d)      Hybrid

Answer: d)

10. The e-commerce market has grown exponentially and evolved as a leading source of the much needed foreign ___________ required by our economy.

a)      Institution

b)      Affair

c)      Investment

d)      Tourist

Answer: c)

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English Grammar Question Answer

Questions On Noun

A noun is a word used to identify the name of a person, place, animal or thing.

Example: Adele is an award-winning artist.

Here, the noun is Adele, which is the name of a person.

Identify the noun in the following sentences:
Q 1. I live in Amsterdam.

1. In
2. Live
3. Amsterdam
4. I

Answer: Amsterdam

Q 2. I visited the Eiffel Tower in Paris.

1. The
2. Paris
3. Eiffel Tower and Paris
4. Eiffel Tower

Answer: Eiffel Tower and Paris

Q 3. Bhutan is a beautiful country.

1. A
2. Country
3. Beautiful
4. Bhutan

Answer: Bhutan

Q 4. Summer is very hot.

1. Summer
2. Very
3. Hot
4. Is

Answer: Summer

Q 5. The moon looks so beautiful.

1. Looks
2. Moon
3. The
4. Beautiful

Answer: Moon

Q 6. The doctor is an expert in his field.

1. His
2. Expert
3. Field
4. Doctor

Answer: Doctor

Q 7. The mailman Mr. Joe was carrying postcards.

1. Mailman
2. Mr.Joe
3. Postcards
4. Mailman, Mr. Joe and postcards

Answer: Mailman, Mr. Joe and postcards

Q 8. Are these mangoes tasty?

1. Tasty
2. Are
3. These
4. Mangoes

Answer: Mangoes

Q 9. Hello Sophie! Will you play football with us as the climate is beautiful and the team is one player short?

1. Football
2. Sophie, football, climate, team, player
3. Team
4. Climate

Answer: Sophie, football, climate, team, player

Q 10. Mike’s birthday party at the Sheraton was a success.

1. Sheraton
2. Mike
3. Mike, party, Sheraton
4. Party

Answer: Mike, party, Sheraton

English Grammar Question Answer

Questions On Pronoun

A pronoun is a word used in the place of a noun in any sentence. These are used to avoid the repetitive usage of a noun in a sentence.

Example: Roger runs very fast. And Roger has won several competitions.

Roger runs very fast. And he has won several competitions.

Identify the pronoun in the following sentences:
Q 11. They were having dinner.

1. Dinner
2. They
3. Were
4. Having

Answer: They

Q 12. I want to sleep.

1. To
2. Sleep
3. I
4. Want

Answer: I

Q 13. Is that my laptop?

1. My
2. Laptop
3. Is
4. That

Answer: My

Q 14. Everyone is sleeping in the dorm room.

1. Sleeping
2. Dorm
3. Room
4. Everyone

Answer: Everyone

Q 15. We were playing scrabble.

1. Playing
2. Scrabble
3. We
4. Were

Answer: We

Q 16. Look at Ellen, she is a beautiful artist.

1. Beautiful
2. She
3. Ellen
4. Artist

Answer: She

Q 17. He is good at cricket.

1. At
2. Good
3. Cricket
4. He

Answer: He

Q 18. This house is mine.

1. This
2. House
3. Mine
4. Is

Answer: Mine

Q 19. Would you like to have coffee?

1. Coffee
2. Have
3. You
4. Would

Answer: You

Q 20. Did you hear that?

1. That
2. Did
3. You
4. Hear

Answer: That

English Grammar Question Answer

Questions On Verb
Image: iStock

The verb describes an action, occurrence or happening of an act.

Example: Adam is singing.

Here, singing is the verb, which denotes an act of doing something.

Identify the verb in the following sentences:
Q 21. The monkey sat by the door.

1. Monkey
2. By
3. Door
4. Sat

Answer: Sat

Q 22. Jack left in a hurry.

1. A
2. Hurry
3. Jack
4. Left

Answer: Left

Q 23. Michelle hurt her elbow while playing.

1. Hurt
2. Elbow
3. Michelle
4. Hurt, playing

Answer: Hurt, playing

Q 24. Please open the door.

1. Open
2. The
3. Please
4. Door

Answer: Open

Q 25. She bought a new car and started taking her driving lessons.

1. Started
2. New
3. Taking
4. Bought, started, taking

Answer: Bought, started, taking

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