New TOP Objective Geography for PCS Exams
1. What is Geography?
Geography is the study of Earth’s landscapes, environments, and the relationships between people and their surroundings.
2. Physical Geography:
Focuses on natural features of the Earth, including landforms, climate, ecosystems, and natural processes.
3. Human Geography:
Examines human activities, cultures, societies, and their interactions with the environment.
4. Geographical Tools:
Maps: Visual representations of the Earth’s surface.
Globes: Spherical models of the Earth.
GIS (Geographic Information Systems): Software for analyzing and visualizing spatial data.
5. Earth’s Structure and Landforms:
Layers: Core, mantle, crust.
Landforms: Mountains, valleys, plains, plateaus, deserts, and coastal features.
6. Climate and Weather:
Climate: Long-term atmospheric conditions in a region.
Weather: Short-term atmospheric conditions.
7. Biomes and Ecosystems:
Biomes: Distinct ecological regions (e.g., tundra, desert, rainforest).
Ecosystems: Interactions between living organisms and their environment.
8. Water Bodies:
Oceans: Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Arctic, Southern.
Rivers: Major world rivers, drainage basins.
9. Population and Migration:
Study of human population distribution, growth, and movement.
Growth of cities and urban areas.
11. Cultural Geography:
Study of cultural landscapes, languages, religions, and traditions.
12. Economic Geography:
Examines economic activities, resources, trade, and development.
13. Political Geography:
Study of political boundaries, territories, and geopolitical relations.
Interactions between geography, power, and politics.
15. Environmental Issues:
Study of human impact on the environment, including pollution, deforestation, and climate change.
16. Geographical Phenomena:
Earthquakes, volcanoes, tsunamis, hurricanes, and other natural phenomena.
17. Cultural Diffusion:
Spread of cultural traits, ideas, and practices from one society to another.
Increasing interconnectedness of economies, cultures, and societies around the world.
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Most Important Geography Question Answer
1.What is the southernmost point of India?
Ans: Pygmalion or Indira Point in Andaman & Nicobar Islands
2.What is the length of the coastline of the country including Lakshdweep and Andaman & Nicobar islands?
Ans: 7516 Km
3.What is the Standard Meridian of India ?
Ans: 82∘ 30′
4.With which country India shares its longest border?
5.Which channel separates Andaman and Nicobar Group?
Ans: 10 Degree Channel
6.Which is the only Indus river tributary which flows entirely in India?
Ans: River Beas
7.Where did the Ganga river originate from?
Ans: Gangotri glacier, Uttarakhand
8.What is the route of National Waterway 2 that is on Brahmaputra river?
Ans: Dhubri to Sadiya
9.In which soil is the process of self ploughing found?
Ans: Black soil
10.Red soils are red in colour due to the presence of ___
Ans: Iron Oxides
11.Which types of crops are mainly grown in Laterite soils?
Ans: Plantation Crops like tea, coffee
12.Where does the eastern ghats and western ghats meet?
13.What is the highest peak in South India?
14.What are the Coastal plains from Daman to Goa called?
Ans: Konkan coast
15.Which channel separates Minicoy island from the main Lakshadweep?
Ans: Nine Degree channel
16.Winter rain in Chennai is caused by____
Ans: North East Monsoon
17.Which type of climate has the characteristic of seasonal reversal of winds?
Ans: Monsoon Climate
18.Where is the Nokrek Biosphere Reserve located?
19.How many biosphere reserves are in India?
20.Where is the Kakrapara Nuclear plant located?
21.Where was the India’s first cotton textile mill setup?
Ans: Mumbai, 1854
22.Where was the India’s first Jute mill setup?
Ans: Rishra near kolkata in 1855
23.Which is the longest National Highway in the Country?
Ans: NH7 connecting Varanasi to Kanyakumari
24.Which state has the largest length of national highways?
Ans: Uttar Pradesh
25.Where is the headquarters of South-Eastern Railway zone?
26.Which state has the highest urban population?
27.What are the left bank tributaries of river Godavari?
Ans: Penganga, Wardha, Wainganga, Indravati and Sabri.
28.Which direction flowing rivers generally form estuaries at their mouth?
Ans: West flowing rivers
29.Sardar sarovar dam is constructed on the river___
30.Which country is separated from india through narrow Palk Strait?
Ans: Sri Lanka
31.Name the states through which the Tropic of Cancer passes through
Ans: Mizoram, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Chattisgarh, West Bengal, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh & Tripura
32.Where does the rivers Beas and Sutlej meet?
33.Which river originates from the northern hills of Dandakaranya, Raipur, Chattisgarh?
34.Which state has the largest forest cover in the Country?
Ans: Madhya Pradesh
35.Where are the Naharkatiya and Digboi mines located in the country?
36.Which is the largest cotton producing state in the country?
37.Which states are drained by the Cauvery river?
Ans: Karnataka, Kerala, Puducherry and Tamil Nadu
38.Which coastal plains have backwaters locally called Kayals?
Ans: Malabar coast
39.What is the zone of low pressure called where Northeast trade winds and southeast trade winds converge?
Ans: Inter Tropical Convergence Zone
40.What type of crops are grown in Rabi season?
Ans: Wheat, gram, barley, potato, oil seeds such as linseed, rapeseed and mustard
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