Top Indian History Timeline notes pdf in English
Indus Valley Civilization (2600-1900 BCE): Flourishing urban civilization in the Indus Valley region with advanced city planning and trade networks.
Vedic Period (1500-600 BCE): Arrival of Indo-Aryan tribes, composition of the Vedas, and the development of early Hinduism.
Maurya Empire (322-185 BCE): Chandragupta Maurya establishes the empire, Ashoka the Great promotes Buddhism and spreads his empire across most of the Indian subcontinent.
Gupta Empire (320-550 CE): Golden Age of ancient India with advancements in art, science, mathematics, and literature.
Delhi Sultanate (1206-1526 CE): Muslim rulers establish their authority over northern India, beginning with the conquest of Delhi by Qutb-ud-din Aibak.
Mughal Empire (1526-1857 CE): Babur founds the Mughal dynasty, and it reaches its zenith under Akbar the Great, known for religious tolerance and cultural patronage.
British East India Company (1600-1858 CE): The British establish trading posts and gradually expand their influence in India.
British Raj (1858-1947): After the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the British Crown assumes direct control over India, leading to a period of British colonial rule.
Indian National Congress (1885): Formation of the Indian National Congress as a political organization advocating for Indian independence from British rule.
Partition of Bengal (1905): The British divide the Bengal province along religious lines, leading to protests and political mobilization.
Non-Cooperation Movement (1920-1922): Led by Mahatma Gandhi, a mass civil disobedience campaign against British rule.
Salt March (1930): Gandhi leads a 240-mile march to the Arabian Sea to protest the British monopoly on salt production, symbolizing the broader movement for independence.
Quit India Movement (1942): A call for complete independence from British rule, resulting in widespread protests and arrests.
Independence and Partition (1947): India gains independence on August 15, and the subcontinent is partitioned into India and Pakistan, leading to communal violence and mass migrations.
Formation of the Republic of India (1950): India adopts its constitution, becoming a sovereign democratic republic.
Indo-Pakistani Wars: Armed conflicts between India and Pakistan in 1947-1948, 1965, 1971 (which led to the creation of Bangladesh), and 1999 (Kargil War).
Economic Reforms (1991): India embarks on liberalization and economic reforms to open up its economy to globalization.
Recent Developments: India’s rapid economic growth, advancements in technology, space exploration, and ongoing challenges related to poverty, education, and social development.
Please note that this is a condensed timeline, and there are many more events and details that could be included. Indian history is vast and complex, so further exploration and study will provide a more comprehensive understanding.
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Most Important Indian History Question Answer
1. Which among the following is not a correct pair?
A. Ellora Caves – Rastrakuta Rulers
B. Mahabalipuram – Pallava Rulers
C. Khajuraho – Chandellas
D. Elephanta Caves – Mauyra Era
2. Which among the following Kavya of Sanskrit, deal with court intrigues & access to power of Chandragupta Maurya?
3. On which of the following systems of Hindu Philosophy , Shankaracharya wrote commentary in 9th century AD?
4. The eighth-century tripartite power struggle was among which of the following?
A. Cholas, Rastrakutas and Yadavas,
B. Chalukyas, Pallavas and Pandyas
C. Cholas, Pandyas and Chalukyas
D. Chalukyas, Pallavas and Yadavas
5. Which among the following is not correct?
A. The capital of pandyas was Madurai
B. The capital of Cheras was Vanchi
C. Capital of the Videha Kingdom – Mithila
D. Capital of Gahadwal Dynasty – Kannauj
6. Which king started the organization of Kumbh fair at Allahabad?
B. Dhruvasena Ii
7. Upnishads are books on :
D. Social life
8. Who was the first Indian ruler who had territory outside India?
B. Chandragupta Maurya
9. Which of the following statement is wrong?
A. Sunga dynasty was founded by pushyamitra
B. Ashoka the great Mauryan king died in 332 BC
C. Ashoka invaded the kalinga in 261 BC
D. Chandragupta Maurya earned the title of the Liberator.
10. Who among the following was worshipped during Early Vedic Civilization?
D. All the above
11. Where were the hymns of Rigveda composed?
D. Uttar Pradesh
12. Which among the following is a place in Larkana district of Sind province in Pakistan?
13. What led to the end of Indus Valley Civilization?
A. Invasion of Aryans
B. Recurrent Floods
D. All the above
14. Who was the main male God worshipped by Indus people?
A. Lord Vishnu
15. Which empire lasted the longest among the following?
A. The Palas
B. The Pratiharas
C. The Rashtrakutas
D. The Senas
16. Which of the following statement is wrong?
A. Dharmpala was the founder of Pala dynasty.
B. Vikramashila University was founded by Dharmpala ?
C. Bhoja was the founder of Pritihara Empire.
D. Krishna III was the last Rashtrakuta king.
17. Which of the following statement is/ are correct?
I. In the 326 BC Alexander invaded India.
II. Ambhi (king of TaxilA. welcomed Alexander and his men
III. Alexander died in 332 BC
A. All are correct
B. Only I, III
C. Only I, II
D. II, III
18. Who was the ruler of the kingdom between the rivers Jhelum and Chenab?
A. Alexander the Great
B. Darius III
C. King Porus
D. Chandragupta Maurya
19. Who was the last Hindu emperor of northern India?
B. Pulakesin II
20. Which of the following statement is/are correct?
I. Pulakesn I was the first ruler of the Chalukya dynasty?
II. Harshavardhana attacked the Chalukya territory during 608-642 AD?
III. Vikramaditya I died in 608 A.D.
A. All are correct
B. Only I
C. Only II,III
D. Only I, III
1. How many layers of Mohenjo-daro were found?
2. Which of the following literatures is known as Apaurusheya?
3. Out of 10 Mandals which pair is the latest?
A. 1 & 2
B. 5 & 6
C. 3 & 7
D. 1 & 10
4. Which Mandal is on the name of Vishwamitra?
5. Which is known as book of Melody?
6. Which Veda deals with magical hymn or charms of spell?
7. Economy of Vedic period was based on?
D. Cotton Cultivation
8. What is the ancient name of river Satulaj?
9. Who was the master of Gautama Buddha?
A. Alara Kalama
10. Who was the first nun of Gautama Buddha?
1. Study of inscription is called:
2. Which of the following is related to Etymology?
3. Who wrote Panchatantra?
B. Vishnu Sharma
4. Which of the following is not a religious text?
D. None of the above
5. Kalinga was situated between?
A. Godavari & Krishna
B. Mahanadi & Godavari
C. Mahanadi & Krishna
D. Krishna & Kaveri
6. What was the capital of Avanti?
7. Satavahana dynasty originated from?
A. South of Arawali
B. South of Vindhya
C. South of Satpura
D. South of Satmola
8. Which of following Chalcolithic sites comes under Ganges system?
9. Which of the following metals was not known during the Indus Valley Civilization?
10. Most depicted animal of the Indus Valley Civilization was?
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