{BSSC} Modern History Handwritten Notes in English pdf

{BSSC} Modern History Handwritten Notes in English pdf

{BSSC} Modern History Handwritten Notes in English pdf

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Exploration and Expansion:

The late 15th and 16th centuries saw European explorers like Christopher Columbus, Vasco da Gama, and Ferdinand Magellan sail to new lands, expanding the known world.
Exploration led to the Columbian Exchange, which involved the exchange of plants, animals, cultures, and diseases between the Old World and the New World.
Colonialism and Imperialism:

European powers established colonies in Africa, Asia, and the Americas, exploiting resources and exerting control over indigenous populations.
The Age of Enlightenment brought ideas about human rights and social contracts, sparking debates about colonial rule.
Industrial Revolution:

Starting in the late 18th century, the Industrial Revolution brought about mechanization, urbanization, and technological advancements, transforming economies and societies.
Factory production, steam engines, and improved transportation changed the way people lived and worked.
American and French Revolutions:

The late 18th century saw two major revolutions that had far-reaching effects.
The American Revolution (1775-1783) led to the United States gaining independence from Britain.
The French Revolution (1789-1799) aimed to overthrow the monarchy and established principles of liberty, equality, and fraternity.
Napoleonic Era:

Napoleon Bonaparte, a military leader, rose to power in post-revolutionary France and waged wars across Europe.
His rule led to significant political changes and nationalist movements.
19th-Century Nationalism:

The 19th century witnessed the rise of nationalism, with various ethnic and cultural groups seeking self-determination and independence from empires.
World Wars and Global Conflict:

The 20th century was marked by two devastating world wars.
World War I (1914-1918) was a conflict involving many nations and led to significant political and territorial changes.
World War II (1939-1945) had even more profound global impacts, leading to the United Nations’ establishment and the beginning of the Cold War.
Cold War and Decolonization:

The Cold War (1947-1991) was a geopolitical struggle between the United States and the Soviet Union, characterized by ideological differences and proxy conflicts.
The post-World War II era also saw many former colonies gaining independence through decolonization movements.
Technological Advancements:

The latter half of the 20th century and beyond saw rapid advancements in technology, including the development of computers, the internet, and space exploration.

The latter part of the 20th century brought increased interconnectedness through trade, communication, and cultural exchange, known as globalization.
Modern history is complex and multifaceted, with numerous events and movements shaping the modern world. It’s important to study this period to understand the origins of contemporary political, social, and economic structures and developments.

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Most Important Modern History Question Answer

Q . Which one of the following observations is not true about the Quit India Movement of 1942?(2011)

(a.) It was a non-violent movement

(b.) It was led by Mahatma Gandhi

(c.) It was a spontaneous movement

(d.) It did not attract the labour class in general

Solution (b)

Q . Which amongst the following provided a common factor for tribal insurrection in India in the 19th century?(2011)

(a.) Introduction of a new system of land revenue and taxation- of tribal products

(b.) Influence of foreign religious missionaries in tribal areas

(c.) Rise of a large number of money lenders, traders and revenue farmers as middlemen in tribal areas

(d.) The complete disruption of the old agrarian order of the tribal communities

Solution (d)

Q . The demand for the Tebhaga Peasant Movement in Bengal was for: (2013)

(a) the reduction of the share of the landlords from one-half of the crop to one-third

(b) the grant of ownership of land to peasants as they were the actual cultivators of the land

(c) the uprooting of Zamindari system and the end of serfdom

(d) writing off all peasant debts

Solution (a)

Q . Quit India Movement was launched in response to: (2013)

(a) Cabinet Mission Plan

(b) Cripps Proposals

(c) Simon Commission Report

(d) Wavell Plan

Solution (b)

Q . The people of India agitated against the arrival of Simon Commission because: (2013)

(a) Indians never wanted the review of the working of the Act of 1919

(b) Simon Commission recommended the abolition of Dyarchy (Diarchy) in the Provinces

(c) there was no Indian member in the Simon Commission

(d) the Simon Commission suggested the partition of the country

Solution (c)

Q . Mahatma Gandhi said that some of his deepest convictions were reflected in a book titled, “Unto this Last” and the book transformed his life. What was the message from the book that transformed Mahatma Gandhi?(2011)

(a.) Uplifting the oppressed and poor is the moral responsibility of an educated man

(b.) The good of individual is contained in the good of all

(c.) The life of celibacy and spiritual pursuit are essential for a noble life

(d.) All the statements (a), (b) and (c) are correct in this context

Solution (b)

Most Important Modern History Question Answer

Q . With reference to Indian freedom struggle, Usha Mehta is well-known for: (2011)

(a.) Running the secret Congress Radio in the wake of Quit India Movement

(b.) Participating in the Second Round Table Conference

(c.) Leading a contingent of Indian National Army

(d.) Assisting in the formation of Interim Government under Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

Solution (a)

Q . What was the reason for Mahatma Gandhi to organize a satyagraha on behalf of the peasants of Kheda?(2011)

The Administration did not suspend the land revenue collection in spite of a drought.
The Administration proposed to introduce Permanent Settlement in Gujarat.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a.) 1 only

(b.) 2 only

(c.) Both 1 and 2

(d.) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution (a)

Consider the following statements :(2012)

Q . The most effective contribution made by DadabhaiNaoroji to the cause of Indian National Movement was that he

exposed the economic exploitation of India by the British
interpreted the ancient Indian texts and restored the self-confidence of Indians
stressed the need for eradication of all the social evils before anything else
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Solution (a)

Q . Which of the following parties were established by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar?(2012)

The Peasants and Workers Party of India
All India Scheduled Castes Federation
The Independent Labour Party
Select the correct answer using the codes given below :

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Solution (b)

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Most Important Modern History Question Answer

Q . Mahatma Gandhi undertook fast unto death in 1932, mainly because: (2012)

(a) Round Table Conference failed to satisfy Indian political aspirations

(b) Congress and Muslim League had differences of opinion

(c) Ramsay Macdonald announced the Communal Award

(d) None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct in this context

Solution (c)

Annie Besant was: (2013)

Q . responsible for starting the Home Rule Movement the founder of the Theo-sophical Society once the President of the Indian National Congress
Select the correct statement/statements using the codes given below.

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Solution (c)

Colonial Rule in India – Political-Administrative organization, social, economic setup like Agrarian Systems, policies of the British India, socio-religious reform movements

Q . The tendency for increased litigation was visible after the introduction of the land settlement system of Lord Cornwallis in 1793. The reason for this is normally traced to which of the following provisions? (2011)

(a.) Making Zamindar’s position stronger vis-a-vis the ryot

(b.)Making East India Company an overlord of Zamindars

(c.) Making judicial system more efficient

(d.)None of the (a), (b) and (c) above

Solution (d)

Q . Which of the above was/were introduced into India by the English?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) None

Solution (d)

Q . The Ilbert Bill controversy was related to the: (2013)

(a) imposition restrictions the Indians of certain to carry arms by Indians

(b) imposition of restrictions on newspapers and magazines published in Indian languages

(c) removal of disqualifications imposed on the Indian magistrates with regard to the trial of the Europeans

(d) removal of a duty on imported cotton cloth

Solution (c)

Q . With reference to the period of colonial rule in India, “Home Charges” formed an important part of drain of wealth from India. Which of the following funds constituted “Home Charges”?(2011)

Funds used to support the India Office in London.
Funds used to pay salaries and pensions of British personnel engaged in India.
Funds used for waging wars outside India by the British.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a.) 1 only

(b.) 1 and 2 only

(c.) 2 and 3 only

(d.) 1, 2 and 3

Solution (b)

Q . What was the purpose with which Sir William Wedder burn and W. S. Caine had set up the Indian Parliamentary Committee in 1893?(2011)

(a.) To agitate for Indian political reforms in the House of Commons

(b.) To campaign for. the entry of Indians into the Imperial Judiciary

(c.) To facilitate a discussion on India’s Independence in the British Parliament

(d.) To agitate for the entry of eminent Indians into the British Parliament

Solution (a)

Q . The Rowlatt Act aimed at: (2012)

(a) compulsory economic support to war efforts

(b) imprisonment without trial and summary procedures for trial

(c) suppression of the Khilafat Movement

(d) imposition of restrictions on freedom of the press


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