{MCQs} with Explanatory notes History for UPPSC

{MCQs} with Explanatory notes History for UPPSC

{MCQs} with Explanatory notes History for UPPSC

Hello Aspirants,

1. Ancient Civilizations:

Mesopotamia: Considered one of the earliest cradles of civilization, with city-states like Sumer and Babylon. Developed writing (cuneiform) and early legal codes (Hammurabi’s Code).
Ancient Egypt: Flourished along the Nile River, known for its pyramids, pharaohs, hieroglyphics, and complex religious beliefs.
Ancient Greece: Birthplace of democracy, philosophy (Socrates, Plato, Aristotle), and Olympic Games. City-states like Athens and Sparta were prominent.
Ancient Rome: Known for its republic, expansion, and eventual transition to an empire. Developed advanced engineering, law (Roman Law), and governance.
2. Middle Ages:

Feudal System: Social hierarchy with kings, nobles, knights, and serfs. Dominated by castles, chivalry, and the manorial system.
Byzantine Empire: Eastern continuation of the Roman Empire, center of Orthodox Christianity, and a hub of art, culture, and trade.
The Crusades: Series of religious and political wars between Christians and Muslims for control over the Holy Land.
3. Renaissance and Enlightenment:

Renaissance: Rebirth of art, literature, and learning in Europe, characterized by humanism and the revival of classical knowledge.
Scientific Revolution: A period of scientific discovery, led by figures like Galileo, Copernicus, and Newton, challenging traditional beliefs.
4. Age of Exploration and Colonization:

European powers explored and colonized new territories around the world, leading to cultural exchanges, conquests, and the Columbian Exchange (exchange of goods, ideas, and diseases between the Old and New Worlds).
5. Industrial Revolution:

Transition from agrarian and handcraft-based economies to industrial and mechanized production, leading to urbanization, technological advancements, and social changes.
6. World Wars and Modern History:

World War I: Major global conflict from 1914 to 1918, resulting in significant political and territorial changes.
World War II: Followed by the rise of Nazi Germany and the Axis Powers, leading to widespread devastation and the Holocaust.
Cold War: Political and ideological rivalry between the USA and USSR, influencing global events and proxy conflicts.
7. Recent History:

Decolonization: Many colonies gained independence after World War II, reshaping the world map and global power dynamics.
Technological Advancements: The digital age, the internet, and rapid globalization have transformed communication, trade, and culture.
Remember, history is a dynamic field with ongoing research and interpretations. Exploring primary sources, scholarly articles, and books can provide deeper insights into specific historical events and their significance.

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Most Important History Question Answer

Q. In 1717, who among the following Mughal emperors had issued the royal edict to allow the business privilege to Britain’s East India Company–
(A) Shah Alam II

(B) Bahadur Shah

(C) Jahandar Shah

(D) Farrukhsiyar

Answer : D

Solution: In 1717, the Mughal emperor Farquhazier issued a state order to allow Britain’s East India Company to offer business opportunities. Better known as the “Farquhazier Farman”.

Q. Why did Dutch East India Company fail to maintain its influence in India ?
(A) Portuguese did not allow them to trade in India

(B) There was a growing interference of Dutch Government in the Company’s internal affairs

(C) Dutch indulged in forcible religious conversion of the people and thus were expelled by local Kings

(D) The English forces made them to leave India.

Answer : D

Solution: The Dutch East India Company failed to maintain its influence in India as English forces forced them to leave India.

They also had to leave India due to lack of qualified officers.

Q. Who is the first governor General of British India ?
(A) Lord Canning

(B) Lord dalhousi

(C) Lord William Bentick

(D) Lord Welesly

Answer : C

Solution: LORD WILLIAM BENTICK : First governor general of British India was LORD WILLIAM BENTICK. Chartet act of 1833 made the Governor General of Bengal as the Governor General of India. And first such one was LORD WILLIAM BENTICK. LORD WARREN HASTINGS was the first Governor general of bengal.

Q. With reference to the entry of European powers into India, which one of the following statements is NOT correct ?
(A) The Portuguese captured Goa in 1499

(B) The English opened their first factory in South India at Masulipattam

(C) In Eastern India, the English Company opened its first factory in Orissa in 1633

(D) Under the leadership of Dupleix, the French occupied Madras in 1746.

Answer : A

Solution: Except for the first of the given options, all the others are correct in terms of European power entry into India. The Portuguese occupied Goa on 25 November 1510.

Q. Which one of the following pairs of History landmark and the associated person is NOT correctly matched.
(A) Slave Dynasty : Qutubuddin Aibak

(B) Tughlaq Dynasty : Ghiyasuddin

(C) Second Anglo _ Mysor War : Hyder ali

(D) Battle of Buxar : Sirajuddaulah

Answer : D

Solution: The fourth option is incompatible with the given options. The Battle of Boxer (1764) took place in Mir Kasim in conjunction with the British East India Company. The victory of the British East India Company paved the way for the establishment of English rule in India.

Q. Which historian is famous for his studies on the history of ancient India ?
(A) Satish Chandra

(B) Bipan Chandra

(C) Ramsharan Sharma

(D) Amlesh Tripathi

Answer : C

Solution: Ram Sharan Sharma (26 November 1919 – 20 August 2011), commonly referred to as R. S. Sharma, was a historian and academic of Ancient and early Medieval India, who advocated the Marxist

Q. The book ‘jiz’ Muhammad Shahi’ releted to knowledge of Astrology produced in 1733 is written by —
(A) Jaswant Singh of Jodhpur

(B) Raja bharmall of Amber

(C) Sawai jai Singh of Jaipur

(D) Maharana Amar Singh of Udaipur

Answer : C

Solution: On the knowledge of astrology, the book ‘Jiz’ by Muhammad Shahi was written by Sawai Jai Singh of Jaipur.

Q. Which one of the following statement is NOT correct ?
(A) Ali Mardan Khan introduced the system of revenue farming in Bangal

(B) Maharaja Ranjit Singh set up modern foundries to manufacture cannons at Lahore

(C) Sawai Jai Singh of Amber had Euclid’s ‘Elements of Geometry’ translated into Sanskrit

(D) Sultan Tipu of My sore gavemoney for the construction of the idol of goddess Sharda in Sringeri temple

Answer : A

Solution: The statement in the first option is incorrect. In the declining days of Mughal Empire, the control over the revenue officials became weak. The flow of income started declining. So, the system called ‘revenue farming’ was introduced in Bengal in the reign of Farukhsiyer (1713-19).

Q. The cause of decline of textile industries in 18th century in Bangal was –
(A) decline in quality of production

(B) non-availability of raw material

(C) high tariff rates on exports to Britain

(D) non-availability of craftsmen

Answer : C

Solution: After the rule of the British Empire over the Indian textile industry, they paid tariff on the export of Indian goods to Britain, thus breaking the waistline of Indian textile industry.

Q. Name of the journalist who whole-heartedly championed the cause of indigo Movement was–
(A) Sisir Kumar Ghosh

(B) Harish Chandra Mukherjee

(C) Barindra Ghosh

(D) Bipin Chandra pal

Answer : B

Solution: Harish Chandra Mukharjee is a journalist and social worker. He, through his Hindu Patriot newspaper, made it clear to the people of Nilkar’s persecution.

Q. Chauth
(a) 4 percent of the land revenue claimed by zamindars.
(b) 40 percent of the land revenue claimed by zamindars.
(c) 44 percent of the land revenue claimed by zamindars.
(d) 25 percent of the land revenue claimed by zamindars.

Answer: (d) 25 percent of the land revenue claimed by zamindars.

Q. The organisation of the Sikhs into a political community during the seventeenth century helped in regional state-building in the
(a) Punjab
(b) Awadh
(c) Bengal
(d) Jodhpur

Answer: (a) Punjab

Q. In 1708, the Khalsa rose in revolt against the Mughal authority under whose leadership, declared their sovereign rule.
(a) Banda Singh
(b) Banda Dev
(c) Bahadur’s Singh
(d) Banda Bahadur’s

Answer: (d) Banda Bahadur’s

Q. 9-10 percent of the land revenue paid to the head revenue collector in the Deccan called
(a) Sardeshmukhi
(b) Dashemukh
(c) Deshmukhi
(d) Chuath

Answer: (a) Sardeshmukhi

Q. Revenue farmers were called
(a) Jagirdar
(b) Ijaradars
(c) Nayak
(d) Subadar

Answer: (b) Ijaradars

Q. The Mughals emperors after ________were unable to arrest the gradual shifting of political and economic authority into the hands of provincial governors, local chieftains and other groups.
(a) Humayun
(b) Akbar
(c) Babar
(d) Aurangzeb

Answer: (d) Aurangzeb

Q. Many Rajput kings, had served under the Mughals with distinction particularly those belonging to
(a) Jaipur and Jaisalmer
(b) Amber and Jodhpur
(c) Amber and Jaisalmer
(d) Jaisalmer and Jodhpur

Answer: (b) Amber and Jodhpur

Q. Burhan-ul-Mulk Saradat Khan was appointed subadar of
(a) Awadh
(b) Punjab
(c) Bengal
(d) Deccan

Answer: (a) Awadh

Q. Under whose reign the banking house of Jagat Seth became extremely prosperous.
(a) Shah Alam II
(b) Alivardi khan
(c) Mir Jafar
(d) Nadir shah

Answer: (b) Alivardi khan

Q. Who controlled the offices of revenue and military administration
(a) Local people
(b) Britishers
(c) Governors
(d) King

Answer: (c) Governors

Q. Telugu warrior chiefs were called
(a) Subadar
(b) Nayakas
(c) Mansabdar
(d) Faujdari

Answer: (b) Nayakas

Q. Guru Gobind Singh died in
(a) 1705
(b) 1707
(c) 1708
(d) 1706

Answer: (c) 1708

Q. Nizam-ul-Mulk Asaf Jah, the founder of
(a) Hyderabad state
(b) Bengal state
(c) Awadh state
(d) Maratha state

Answer: (a) Hyderabad state

Q. Peacock throne was looted by
(a) Mehmood Ghazni
(b) Nadir Shah
(c) Ahmad Shah Abdali
(d) Britishers

Answer: (b) Nadir Shah

Q. Burhan-ul-Mulk also held the combined offices of
(a) Diwani, Mansabdari and Faujdari
(b) Diwani, Iqta and Mansabdari
(c) Subadari, Diwani and Nayak
(d) Subadari, Diwani and Faujdari

Answer: (d) Subadari, Diwani and Faujdari

Q. Ahmad Shah Abdali was the
(a) Iran Ruler
(b) Pakistan Ruler
(c) Afghan Ruler
(d) Iraq Ruler

Answer: (c) Afghan Ruler

Q. Asaf Jah and Murshid Quli Khan held a zat rank of
(a) 7,000 each
(b) 6,000 each
(c) 9,000 each
(d) 8,000 each

Answer: (a) 7,000 each

Q. Who was given the subadari of Agra in 1722
(a) Raja Ajit Singh
(b) Raja Amrit Singh
(c) Raja Jai Singh
(d) Raja Amber Singh

Answer: (c) Raja Jai Singh

Q. Why Mughals empire was facing problems closing of 17th century
(a) Britishers were under the control of Mughals
(b) Mughals military resources were very powerful
(c) Mughals successors left the Delhi
(d) Financial resources were depleted

Answer: (d) Financial resources were depleted

Q. Mughals empire started declining its power under the region of
(a) Babar
(b) Jahangir
(c) Akbar
(d) Aurangzeb

Answer: (d) Aurangzeb

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