TOP Objective Geography for Competitive Exams RAS
Geography Overview: Geography is the study of the Earth’s physical features, climate, ecosystems, and the interaction between humans and their environment.
Branches of Geography: Geography is divided into two main branches – physical geography and human geography.
Physical Geography: Physical geography focuses on the Earth’s natural features, including landforms, climate, vegetation, and natural resources. It explores topics such as mountains, rivers, deserts, oceans, weather patterns, and ecosystems.
Human Geography: Human geography studies the relationship between humans and their environment. It examines population distribution, migration, cultural diversity, urbanization, economic activities, and political systems.
Earth’s Structure: The Earth consists of several layers, including the inner core, outer core, mantle, and crust. The crust is divided into tectonic plates, which move and interact, leading to geological phenomena such as earthquakes and volcanic activity.
Landforms: Landforms are the natural features found on the Earth’s surface. They include mountains, plateaus, plains, valleys, deserts, and coastal features like beaches and cliffs. Landforms are shaped by geological processes, such as tectonic activity, erosion, and weathering.
Climate: Climate refers to the long-term weather patterns in a particular region. Factors such as latitude, altitude, proximity to water bodies, and prevailing winds influence climate. Major climate types include tropical, temperate, arid, polar, and Mediterranean.
Biomes: Biomes are large ecological regions characterized by distinctive plant and animal communities adapted to particular climate conditions. Examples include rainforests, deserts, grasslands, tundra, and taiga.
Water Bodies: The Earth has vast water bodies, including oceans, seas, rivers, lakes, and glaciers. Oceans cover about 70% of the Earth’s surface and play a crucial role in climate regulation and supporting marine ecosystems.
Natural Resources: Natural resources are materials or substances found in the environment that have economic value. They include minerals, fossil fuels, water, forests, and agricultural land. Sustainable management of natural resources is vital for environmental conservation.
Environmental Issues: Geography also focuses on environmental issues such as deforestation, pollution, climate change, biodiversity loss, and the impact of human activities on ecosystems. Understanding these issues is crucial for promoting sustainable development.
Geographical Information Systems (GIS): GIS is a computer-based tool used to collect, analyze, and present geographical data. It helps in mapping, spatial analysis, and decision-making in various fields, including urban planning, disaster management, and environmental monitoring.
These are just some of the key points in geography. The subject is vast and diverse, covering various aspects of the Earth’s physical and human systems. Exploring specific topics in more detail will provide a deeper understanding of the subject.
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Most Important Geography Question Answer
1.What is the southernmost point of India?
Ans: Pygmalion or Indira Point in Andaman & Nicobar Islands
2.What is the length of the coastline of the country including Lakshdweep and Andaman & Nicobar islands?
Ans: 7516 Km
3.What is the Standard Meridian of India ?
Ans: 82∘ 30′
4.With which country India shares its longest border?
5.Which channel separates Andaman and Nicobar Group?
Ans: 10 Degree Channel
6.Which is the only Indus river tributary which flows entirely in India?
Ans: River Beas
7.Where did the Ganga river originate from?
Ans: Gangotri glacier, Uttarakhand
8.What is the route of National Waterway 2 that is on Brahmaputra river?
Ans: Dhubri to Sadiya
9.In which soil is the process of self ploughing found?
Ans: Black soil
10.Red soils are red in colour due to the presence of ___
Ans: Iron Oxides
11.Which types of crops are mainly grown in Laterite soils?
Ans: Plantation Crops like tea, coffee
12.Where does the eastern ghats and western ghats meet?
13.What is the highest peak in South India?
14.What are the Coastal plains from Daman to Goa called?
Ans: Konkan coast
15.Which channel separates Minicoy island from the main Lakshadweep?
Ans: Nine Degree channel
16.Winter rain in Chennai is caused by____
Ans: North East Monsoon
17.Which type of climate has the characteristic of seasonal reversal of winds?
Ans: Monsoon Climate
18.Where is the Nokrek Biosphere Reserve located?
19.How many biosphere reserves are in India?
20.Where is the Kakrapara Nuclear plant located?
21.Where was the India’s first cotton textile mill setup?
Ans: Mumbai, 1854
22.Where was the India’s first Jute mill setup?
Ans: Rishra near kolkata in 1855
23.Which is the longest National Highway in the Country?
Ans: NH7 connecting Varanasi to Kanyakumari
24.Which state has the largest length of national highways?
Ans: Uttar Pradesh
25.Where is the headquarters of South-Eastern Railway zone?
26.Which state has the highest urban population?
27.What are the left bank tributaries of river Godavari?
Ans: Penganga, Wardha, Wainganga, Indravati and Sabri.
28.Which direction flowing rivers generally form estuaries at their mouth?
Ans: West flowing rivers
29.Sardar sarovar dam is constructed on the river___
30.Which country is separated from india through narrow Palk Strait?
Ans: Sri Lanka
31.Name the states through which the Tropic of Cancer passes through
Ans: Mizoram, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Chattisgarh, West Bengal, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh & Tripura
32.Where does the rivers Beas and Sutlej meet?
33.Which river originates from the northern hills of Dandakaranya, Raipur, Chattisgarh?
34.Which state has the largest forest cover in the Country?
Ans: Madhya Pradesh
35.Where are the Naharkatiya and Digboi mines located in the country?
36.Which is the largest cotton producing state in the country?
37.Which states are drained by the Cauvery river?
Ans: Karnataka, Kerala, Puducherry and Tamil Nadu
38.Which coastal plains have backwaters locally called Kayals?
Ans: Malabar coast
39.What is the zone of low pressure called where Northeast trade winds and southeast trade winds converge?
Ans: Inter Tropical Convergence Zone
40.What type of crops are grown in Rabi season?
Ans: Wheat, gram, barley, potato, oil seeds such as linseed, rapeseed and mustard
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