TOP Objective Geography for Competitive Exams RAS

TOP Objective Geography for Competitive Exams RAS

TOP Objective Geography for Competitive Exams RAS

Hello aspirants,

Geography Overview: Geography is the study of the Earth’s physical features, climate, ecosystems, and the interaction between humans and their environment.

Branches of Geography: Geography is divided into two main branches – physical geography and human geography.

Physical Geography: Physical geography focuses on the Earth’s natural features, including landforms, climate, vegetation, and natural resources. It explores topics such as mountains, rivers, deserts, oceans, weather patterns, and ecosystems.

Human Geography: Human geography studies the relationship between humans and their environment. It examines population distribution, migration, cultural diversity, urbanization, economic activities, and political systems.

Earth’s Structure: The Earth consists of several layers, including the inner core, outer core, mantle, and crust. The crust is divided into tectonic plates, which move and interact, leading to geological phenomena such as earthquakes and volcanic activity.

Landforms: Landforms are the natural features found on the Earth’s surface. They include mountains, plateaus, plains, valleys, deserts, and coastal features like beaches and cliffs. Landforms are shaped by geological processes, such as tectonic activity, erosion, and weathering.

Climate: Climate refers to the long-term weather patterns in a particular region. Factors such as latitude, altitude, proximity to water bodies, and prevailing winds influence climate. Major climate types include tropical, temperate, arid, polar, and Mediterranean.

Biomes: Biomes are large ecological regions characterized by distinctive plant and animal communities adapted to particular climate conditions. Examples include rainforests, deserts, grasslands, tundra, and taiga.

Water Bodies: The Earth has vast water bodies, including oceans, seas, rivers, lakes, and glaciers. Oceans cover about 70% of the Earth’s surface and play a crucial role in climate regulation and supporting marine ecosystems.

Natural Resources: Natural resources are materials or substances found in the environment that have economic value. They include minerals, fossil fuels, water, forests, and agricultural land. Sustainable management of natural resources is vital for environmental conservation.

Environmental Issues: Geography also focuses on environmental issues such as deforestation, pollution, climate change, biodiversity loss, and the impact of human activities on ecosystems. Understanding these issues is crucial for promoting sustainable development.

Geographical Information Systems (GIS): GIS is a computer-based tool used to collect, analyze, and present geographical data. It helps in mapping, spatial analysis, and decision-making in various fields, including urban planning, disaster management, and environmental monitoring.

These are just some of the key points in geography. The subject is vast and diverse, covering various aspects of the Earth’s physical and human systems. Exploring specific topics in more detail will provide a deeper understanding of the subject.

Download GK Notes 

Most Important Geography Question Answer

1.What is the southernmost point of India?

Ans: Pygmalion or Indira Point in Andaman & Nicobar Islands

2.What is the length of the coastline of the country including Lakshdweep and Andaman & Nicobar islands?

Ans: 7516 Km

3.What is the Standard Meridian of India ?

Ans: 82∘ 30′

4.With which country India shares its longest border?

Ans: Bangladesh

5.Which channel separates Andaman and Nicobar Group?

Ans: 10 Degree Channel

6.Which is the only Indus river tributary which flows entirely in India?

Ans: River Beas

7.Where did the Ganga river originate from?

Ans: Gangotri glacier, Uttarakhand

8.What is the route of National Waterway 2 that is on Brahmaputra river?

Ans: Dhubri to Sadiya

9.In which soil is the process of self ploughing found?

Ans: Black soil

10.Red soils are red in colour due to the presence of ___

Ans: Iron Oxides

11.Which types of crops are mainly grown in Laterite soils?

Ans: Plantation Crops like tea, coffee

12.Where does the eastern ghats and western ghats meet?

Ans: Nilgiri

13.What is the highest peak in South India?

Ans: Anaimudi

14.What are the Coastal plains from Daman to Goa called?

Ans: Konkan coast

15.Which channel separates Minicoy island from the main Lakshadweep?

Ans: Nine Degree channel

16.Winter rain in Chennai is caused by____

Ans: North East Monsoon

17.Which type of climate has the characteristic of seasonal reversal of winds?

Ans: Monsoon Climate

18.Where is the Nokrek Biosphere Reserve located?

Ans: Meghalaya

19.How many biosphere reserves are in India?

Ans: 18

20.Where is the Kakrapara Nuclear plant located?

Ans: Gujarat

21.Where was the India’s first cotton textile mill setup?

Ans: Mumbai, 1854

22.Where was the India’s first Jute mill setup?

Ans: Rishra near kolkata in 1855

23.Which is the longest National Highway in the Country?

Ans: NH7 connecting Varanasi to Kanyakumari

24.Which state has the largest length of national highways?

Ans: Uttar Pradesh

25.Where is the headquarters of South-Eastern Railway zone?

Ans: Kolkata

26.Which state has the highest urban population?

Ans: Maharashtra

27.What are the left bank tributaries of river Godavari?

Ans: Penganga, Wardha, Wainganga, Indravati and Sabri.

28.Which direction flowing rivers generally form estuaries at their mouth?

Ans: West flowing rivers

29.Sardar sarovar dam is constructed on the river___

Ans: Narmada

30.Which country is separated from india through narrow Palk Strait?

Ans: Sri Lanka

31.Name the states through which the Tropic of Cancer passes through

Ans: Mizoram, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Chattisgarh, West Bengal, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh & Tripura

32.Where does the rivers Beas and Sutlej meet?

Ans: Harike

33.Which river originates from the northern hills of Dandakaranya, Raipur, Chattisgarh?

Ans: Mahanadi

34.Which state has the largest forest cover in the Country?

Ans: Madhya Pradesh

35.Where are the Naharkatiya and Digboi mines located in the country?

Ans: Assam

36.Which is the largest cotton producing state in the country?

Ans: Gujarat

37.Which states are drained by the Cauvery river?

Ans: Karnataka, Kerala, Puducherry and Tamil Nadu

38.Which coastal plains have backwaters locally called Kayals?

Ans: Malabar coast

39.What is the zone of low pressure called where Northeast trade winds and southeast trade winds converge?

Ans: Inter Tropical Convergence Zone

40.What type of crops are grown in Rabi season?

Ans: Wheat, gram, barley, potato, oil seeds such as linseed, rapeseed and mustard

More Related Notes PDF Download

Maths Topicwise Free PDF > Click Here To Download
English Topicwise Free PDF > Click Here To Download
GK/GS/GA Topicwise Free PDF > Click Here To Download
Reasoning Topicwise Free PDF > Click Here To Download
Indian Polity Free PDF > Click Here To Download
History  Free PDF > Click Here To Download
Computer Topicwise Short Tricks > Click Here To Download
EnvironmentTopicwise Free PDF > Click Here To Download
UPSC Notes > Click Here To Download
SSC Notes Download > Click Here To Download

Topic Related PDF Download

Download pdf will bring you new PDFs on Daily Bases, which will be updated in all ways and uploaded on the website, which will prove to be very important for you to prepare for all your upcoming competitive exams.

The above PDF is only provided to you by, we are not the creator of the PDF, if you like the PDF or if you have any kind of doubt, suggestion, or question about the same, please send us on your mail. Do not hesitate to contact me. [email protected] or you can send suggestions in the comment box below.

Please Support By Joining Below Groups And Like Our Pages We Will be very thankful to you.

Author: Deep