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Reasoning Handwritten notes in English pdf download The usefulness of all the students is well known because all the students give priority to reasoning first in the preparation of all types of competitive exams. Reasoning plays an important role in all the exams like you are giving any exam. And if you solve reasoning first in that exam, then in that exam you will be able to manage your time because you will be able to solve the next subject as soon as possible by solving the reasoning questions quickly and also if you solve the reasoning questions. If you solve more then you will be able to get good marks in your exam. In all the competitive exams, the weightage of the marks of the reasoning section is around 25-30, which helps you to score the highest marks in the exam.

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Q 1. Look at this series: 12, 11, 13, 12, 14, 13, … What number should come next?
A. 10
B. 16
C. 13
D. 15
Answer: Option D. This is an alternating number of subtraction series. First, 1 is subtracted, then 2 is added.

Q 2. Look at this series: 36, 34, 30, 28, 24, … What number should come next?
A. 22
B. 26
C. 23
D. 20
Answer: Option A. This is an alternating number of subtraction series. First, 2 is subtracted, then 4, then 2, and so on.

Q 3. Look at this series: 7, 10, 8, 11, 9, 12, … What number should come next?
A. 7
B. 12
C. 10
D. 13
Answer: Option C. Its an alternating addition and subtraction series. 3 is added in the first pattern, and then 2 is subtracted.

Q 4. Look at this series: 2, 1, (1/2), (1/4), … What number should come next?
A. (1/3)
B. (1/8)
C. (2/8)
D. (1/16)
Answer: Option B. It’s a division series. Every number is half of the previous number. The number is divided by 2 successively to get the next result. 4/2 = 2. 2/2 = 1. 1/2 = ½. (1/2)/2 = ¼. (1/4)/2 = 1/8 and so on.

Q 5. Look at this series: 80, 10, 70, 15, 60, … What number should come next?
A. 20
B. 25
C. 30
D. 50
Answer: Option A. This is an alternating addition and subtraction series. In the first pattern, 10 is subtracted from each number to arrive at the next. In the second, 5 is added to each number to arrive at the next.

Q 6. Which word does NOT belong with the others?
A. index
B. glossary
C. chapter
D. book
Answer: D. Book. Rest are all parts of a book.

Q 7. Which word is the odd man out?
A. trivial
B. unimportant
C. important
D. insignificant
Answer: C. Important. Remaining are synonyms of each other.

Q 8. Which word does NOT belong with the others?
A. wing
B. fin
C. beak
D. rudder
Answer: C. Beak. Rest are parts of an aero plane.

Q 9. Which word is the odd man out?
A. hate
B. fondness
C. liking
D. attachment
Answer: A. hate. Rest are positive emotions.

Q 10. Pick the odd man out?
A. just
B. fair
C. equitable
D. biased
Answer: D. Biased. The others signify honesty.

Q 11. CUP : LIP :: BIRD : ?
A. GRASS
B. FOREST
C. BEAK
D. BUSH
Answer: C. BEAK. You drink out of a cup with your lips. Similarly, birds bite grass with their beaks.

Q 12. Paw : Cat :: Hoof : ?
A. Lamb
B. Horse
C. Elephant
D. Tiger
Answer: B. Horse. Cat’s feet are called paws and horse’s are called hoofs.

Q 13. Safe : Secure :: Protect :
A. Lock
B. Guard
C. Sure
D. Conserve

Q 14. Melt : Liquid :: Freeze :
A. Ice
B. Solid
C. Condense
D. Push

Q 15. Parts : Strap :: Wolf :
A. Flow
B. Animal
C. Wood
D. Fox

### Logical Reasoning Questions on Matching Definitions

Q16. An Informal Gathering occurs when a group of people get together in a casual, relaxed manner. Which situation below is the best example of an Informal Gathering?

A. A debating club meets on the first Sunday morning of every month.
B. After finding out about his salary raise, Jay and a few colleagues go out for a quick dinner after work.
C. Meena sends out 10 invitations for a bachelorette party she is giving for her elder sister.
D. Whenever she eats at a Chinese restaurant, Roop seems to run into Dibya.

Q17. A Tiebreaker is an additional contest carried out to establish a winner among tied contestants. Choose one situation from the options below that best represents a Tiebreaker.

A. At halftime, the score is tied at 2-2 in a football match.
B. Serena and Maria have each secured 1 set in the game.
C. The umpire tosses a coin to decide which team will have bat first.
D. RCB and KKR each finished at 140 all out.

Q18. The Sharks and the Bears each finished with 34 points, and they are now battling it out in a five-minute overtime.

A. When he is offered a better paying position, Jacob leaves the restaurant he manages to manage a new restaurant on the other side of town.
B. Catherine is spending her junior year of college studying abroad in France.
C. Malcolm is readjusting to civilian life after two years of overseas military service.
D. After several miserable months, Sharon decides that she can no longer share an apartment with her roommate Hilary.

Q19. Reentry occurs when a person leaves his or her social system for a period of time and then returns. Which situation below best describes Reentry?

A. When he is offered a better paying position, Javed leaves the hotel he manages to manage another one in a neighboring city.
B. Charan is spending her final year of college studying abroad in China.
C. Manan is readjusting to civilian life after 2 years of overseas merchant navy service.
D. After 5 miserable months, Sneha decides that she can no longer share her room with roommate Hital.

Q20. Posthumous Award occurs when an award is given to someone, after their death. Choose one situation below as the best example of Posthumous Award.

A. Late yesteryear actress Sridevi was awarded with a Lifetime Achievement Award posthumously in Filmfare 2019.
B. Chitra never thought she’d live to receive a third booker prize for her novel.
C. Emanuel has been honored with a prestigious literary award for his writing career and his daughter accepted the award on behalf of her deceased father.
D. Meenal’s publisher canceled her book contract after she failed to deliver the manuscript on time.

Q21. The ‘A’ state government has chalked out a plan for the underdeveloped ‘B’ district where 66% of the funds will be placed in the hands of a committee of local representatives.
Courses of action:
I. The ‘A’ state government should decide guidelines and norms for the functioning of the committee.
II. Other state government may follow similar plan if directed by the Central government.

A. If only I follows
B. If only II follows
C. If either I or II follows
D. If neither I nor II follows
E. If both I and II follow

Q22. The car dealer found that there was a tremendous response for the new XYZ’s car booking with long queues of people complaining about the duration of business hours and arrangements. Courses of action:
I. People should make their arrangement of lunch and snacks while going for car XYZ’s booking and be ready to spend several hours.
II. Arrangement should be made for more booking desks and increase business hours to serve more people in less time.

A. If only I follows
B. If only II follows
C. If either I or II follows
D. If neither I nor II follows
E. If both I and II follow

Q23. The ‘M’ state government has decided hence forth to award the road construction contracts through open tenders only. Courses of action:
I. The ‘M’ state will not be able to get the work done swiftly as it will have to go through tender and other procedures.
II. Hence forth the quality of roads constructed may be far better.

A. If only I follows
B. If only II follows
C. If either I or II follows
D. If neither I nor II follows
E. If both I and II follow

Q24. Alert villagers nabbed a group of bandits armed with murderous weapons. Courses of action:
I. The villagers should be provided sophisticated weapons.
II. The villagers should be rewarded for their courage and unity.

A. If only I follows
B. If only II follows
C. If either I or II follows
D. If neither I nor II follows
E. If both I and II follow

Q25. 10 coaches of a passenger train have got derailed and have blocked the railway track from both ends. Courses of action:
I. The railway authorities should immediately send men and equipment and clear the spot
II. All the trains running in both directions should be diverted immediately via other routes.

A. If only I follows
B. If only II follows
C. If either I or II follows
D. If neither I nor II follows
E. If both I and II follow

Q26. If a legislature decides to fund agricultural subsidy programs, national radio, and a small business loan program, what 2 other programs can they fund?

A. harbor improvements and school music program
B. harbor improvements and international airport
C. hurricane preparedness and international airport
D. hurricane preparedness and school music program
E. harbor improvements and hurricane preparedness

Q27. Kevin, Joseph, and Nicholas are 3 brothers. If the following statements are all true, which of them is the youngest?

✓Kevin is the oldest.
✓Nicholas is not the oldest.
✓Joseph is not the youngest.
A. Joseph
B. Kevin
C. Nicholas
D. Both Joseph and Nicholas

Questions 3-5 are based on the following information:

Mazzini, an Italian specialty restaurant stays open every Monday to Saturday but is closed on all Sundays. On Mondays, only lunch is served, as well as on Tuesdays and Thursdays. On Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays, just dinner is served. The restaurant’s floors are polished and plants are watered only on days that Quantum is open for business, according the following schedule:
✓Plants are watered two days each week, but never on consecutive days and never on the same day that floors are polished.
✓Floors are polished on Monday and two other days each week, but never on consecutive days and never on the same day that plants are watered.

Q28. According to a schedule, the restaurant’s floors are polished on either…

A. Tuesday or Wednesday
B. Tuesday or Thursday
C. Wednesday or Thursday
D. Thursday or Friday
E. Thursday or Saturday

Q29. If dinner is served on the same day as plants are watered, which of the following is correct?

A. Plants are watered on Tuesday.
B. Floors are polished on Thursday.
C. Plants are watered on Wednesday.
D. Floors are polished on Wednesday.
E. Plants are watered on Saturday.

Q30. Assume that floors are polished on consecutive days but all other scheduling policies are untampered. For how many of the days can it be determined whether plants are watered and floors are polished?

A. two
B. three
C. four
D. five
E. six

Q31. Statement: Anger is energy, in a more proactive way and how to channelize it is in itself a skill.
Assumptions: I. Anger need to be channelized.
II. Only skillful people can channelize anger to energy.

A) If only assumption I is implicit.
B) If only assumption II is implicit.
C) if either I or II is implicit.
D) if neither I or II is implicit.
E) if both I and II are implicit.

Q32. Statement: Medicine ‘P’ is a drug which is causing ripples in the medical field.
Assumptions: I. No other drug is causing ripples in the medical field.
II. Medicine ‘P’ is a great drug.

A) If only assumption I is implicit.
B) If only assumption II is implicit.
C) if either I or II is implicit.
D) if neither I or II is implicit.
E) if both I and II are implicit.
Answer: D) if neither I or II is implicit.