## Profit & loss MCQs notes pdf in English

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### Most Important Profit & loss Question Answer

Q. An article is bought for Rs. 675 and sold for Rs. 900. Find the gain percent?

A. 30 2/3%

B. 31 1/3%

C. 33 1/3%

D. 33 1/6%

Answer: B. 33 1/3%

Explanation: 900 – 675 = 225

225/675*100

= 33 1/3%

Q. A person buys a horse for 15 pounds. After one year, he sells it for 20 pounds. After one year, again he buys the same horse at 30 pounds and sells it for 40 pounds. What is the overall profit percent for that person over both the transactions?

A. 30.33%

B. 33.33%

C. 35.33%

D. 40.33%

Answer: B. 33.33%

Explanation: Total C.P. = 45

Total S.P. = 60

Profit% = (15/45) *100 = 33.33%

Problems on Profit and Loss – Basics and Methods, Examples, Math Tricks (Quantitative Aptitude made Simpler)

Q. A trader sells 85 m of cloth for Rs. 8,925 at the profit of Rs. 15/m of cloth. What is the cost price of 1 m of cloth?

A. Rs. 84

B. Rs. 90

C. Rs. 96

D. Rs. 102

Answer: B. Rs. 90

Explanation: SP of 1m of cloth = 8925/85 = Rs. 105

CP of 1m of cloth = SP of 1m of cloth – profit on 1m of cloth

= Rs. 105 – Rs. 15 = Rs. 90

Q . A, B and C enter into a partnership. A invests some money at the beginning, B invests double the amount after 6 months, and C invests thrice the amount after 8 months. If the annual gain be Rs. 18,000. A’s share is?

A. Rs. 5,750

B. Rs. 6,000

C. Rs. 7,200

D. Rs. 7,500

Answer: B. Rs. 6,000

Explanation: x*12 : 2x*6: 3x*4

1:1:1

1/3 * 18000 = 6000

Q. By selling an article at Rs. 800, a shopkeeper makes a profit of 25%. At what price should he sell the article so as to make a loss of 25%?

A. Rs. 460

B. Rs. 480

C. Rs. 500

D. Rs. 520

Answer: B. Rs. 480

Explanation: SP = 800, Profit = 25%

CP = (SP)*[100/(100+P)]

= 800 * [100/125] = 640

Loss = 25% = 25% of 640 = Rs. 160

SP = CP – Loss = 640 – 160 = Rs. 480

Q. Amit bought 160 shirts at the rate of Rs. 225/shirt. The transport expenditure was Rs. 1,400. He paid an octroi at the rate of Rs. 1.75/shirt and labour charges were Rs. 320. What should be the selling price of 1 shirt, if he wants a profit of 20%?

A. Rs. 260

B. Rs. 275

C. Rs. 280

D. Rs. 285

Answer: D. Rs. 285

Explanation: Total CP per shirt = 225 + 1400/160 + 1.75 + 320/160 = Rs. 237.5

SP = CP[(100 + profit%)/100]

= 237.5 * [(100 + 20)/100] = Rs. 285

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Aptitude and Logical Reasoning Test 2022

Q. A man sold two houses for Rs. 7.8 lakhs each. On the one, he gained 5% and on the other, he lost 5%. What percent is the effect of the sale on the whole?

A. 0.25 % loss

B. 0.25 % gain

C. 25 % loss

D. 25 % gain

Answer: A. 0.25 % loss

Explanation: Loss% = (5/10)^2 = 1/4% = 0.25%

Q. Profit after selling a commodity for Rs. 425 is same as loss after selling it for Rs.355. The cost of the commodity is:

A. Rs. 385

B. Rs. 390

C. Rs. 395

D. Rs. 400

Answer: B. Rs. 390

Explanation: Let C.P = Rs. X

425 – X = X – 355 (or)

2X = 780 or X = 390

Q. If two mixers and one T.V cost Rs. 7000. While two T.V s and one mixer cost Rs. 9800. The value of one T.V is:

A. Rs. 3,200

B. Rs. 3,600

C. Rs. 4,200

D. Rs. 4,600

Answer: C. Rs. 4,200

Explanation: 2X + Y = 7000

X + 2Y = 9800

Solving (i) and (ii), we get Y = 4200

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### Most Important Profit & loss Question Answer

Q. Bhajan Singh purchased 120 reams of paper at Rs. 80 per ream. He spent Rs. 280 on transportation. Paid octrai at the rate of 40 paise per ream and paid Rs. 72 to the coolie. If he wants to have a gain of 8 %. What must be the selling price per ream?

A. Rs. 86

B. Rs. 88

C. Rs. 90

D. Rs. 92

Answer: C. Rs. 90

Explanation: C.P of 120 reams = Rs. (120 × 80 + 280 + 72 + 120 × 40) = Rs. 10000

C.P of 1 ream = (10000/120) = Rs. (250/3)

S.P of 1 ream = Rs. (108/100 × 250/3) = Rs. 90

Q. If an article is sold at a loss of 66 2/3%, what is the loss in terms of the selling price?

A. 50%

B. 100%

C. 150%

D. 200%

Answer: D. 200%

Explanation: Let the C. P. = 100

∴ Amount of loss = 66 2/3 or 200/3

⇒ S. P = 100 – 66 2/3 = 33 1/3 or 100/3

∴ Loss expressed in terms of S. P. = 100 × (200/3)/(100/3) 100 = 200%

Q. A shopkeeper bought 150 pen drives at the rate of Rs. 500 per pen drive. He spent Rs. 500 on transportation and packing. If the marked price of pen drive is Rs. 520 per pen drive and the shopkeeper gives a discount of 5% on the marked price then what will be the percentage profit gained by the shopkeeper?

A. 1.2%

B. 3.8%

C. 4.5%

D. 5.5%

Answer: B. 3.8%

Explanation: C.P. of 150 calculators = 150 * 500 = Rs. 75000

∴ Total C.P. = 75000 + 500 = Rs. 75500

Marked price of 150 calculator = 150 * 570 = Rs. 82500

Selling price after discount = 82500 * 95 / 100 = Rs. 78375

∴ percentage profit = [(78375 – 75500) / 75500] * 100 = 3.8%

Q. An article is sold at 25% profit. If the CP and the SP of the article are increased by Rs 60 and Rs 30 respectively, the profit% decreases by 15%. Find the cost price of the article.

A. Rs. 190

B. Rs. 240

C. Rs. 285

D. Rs. 305

Answer: B. Rs. 240

Explanation: CP = x, then SP = (125/100)*x = 5x/4

New CP = (x+60), new SP = (5x/4 + 30), new profit% = 25-15 = 10

So (5x/4 + 30) = (110/100) * (x+60)

Solve, x = 240

Q. A person sold a pen at Rs. 96 in such a way that his percentage profit is same as the cost price of the watch. If he sells it at twice the percentage profit of its previous percentage profit then new selling price will be?

A. Rs. 132

B. Rs. 150

C. Rs. 180

D. Rs. 192

Answer: A. Rs. 132

Explanation: CP = x

Profit Percentage = x%

SP = x(100 + x)/100

x(100 + x)/100 = 96

x = 60

Profit Percentage = 60%

New SP = 60 * 220 / 100 = 132

A and B, there are two companies, selling the packs of cold-drinks. For the same selling price A gives two successive discounts of 10% and 25%. While B sells it by giving two successive discounts of 15% and 20%. What is the ratio of their marked price?

A. 143 : 144

B. 19 : 11

C. 136 : 135

D. 73 : 77

Answer: C. 136 : 135

Explanation: A = 90/100*75/100

=> 0.675

B = 85/100*80/100

=> 0.68

=> 680 : 675

=> 136 : 135

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