New TOP Objective Geography for NTPC Exams
Certainly! Here are some key points and highlights about geography:
Definition of Geography:
Geography is the study of the Earth’s landscapes, environments, and the interactions between humans and their surroundings.
It encompasses both the physical aspects (natural features like mountains, rivers, and climate) and human aspects (population, culture, and economic activities).
Branches of Geography:
Physical Geography: Focuses on natural features and processes, such as landforms, climate, vegetation, and ecosystems.
Human Geography: Examines human activities, population, culture, urbanization, economic activities, and the impact on the environment.
Geographical Techniques: Involves the use of various tools and technologies, including Geographic Information Systems (GIS), remote sensing, and cartography, to gather and analyze geographical data.
Physical Features of Earth:
Earth’s physical features include continents, oceans, mountains, deserts, rivers, and various landforms shaped by natural processes like erosion and tectonic activity.
Climate and Weather:
Climate refers to the long-term patterns of temperature, precipitation, humidity, and wind in a particular region.
Weather represents the day-to-day atmospheric conditions, including temperature, precipitation, and wind speed.
Biomes and Ecosystems:
Biomes are large geographical regions with distinct plant and animal communities, such as forests, grasslands, deserts, and tundras.
Ecosystems are smaller ecological units that include living organisms and their physical environment, interacting as a functional unit.
Population geography studies the distribution, density, migration, and demographic characteristics of human populations across the Earth.
Urban geography focuses on the study of cities and urban areas, including their growth, development, and the challenges they face.
Cultural geography explores the distribution of various cultural practices, traditions, languages, and religions across different regions.
Economic geography examines the distribution of economic activities, resources, and trade patterns across the globe.
Political geography studies the spatial distribution of political entities, borders, and geopolitical issues.
Environmental geography looks at the interaction between humans and the natural environment, including issues related to conservation, pollution, and sustainable development.
Geopolitics and Geopolitical Issues:
Geopolitics involves the study of how geography and political power are interconnected, influencing global politics, conflicts, and alliances.
Geography plays a crucial role in understanding the world we live in. It helps us comprehend the complex relationships between the physical environment and human activities, shaping the diverse landscapes and societies across the Earth.
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Most Important Geography Question Answer
1.What is the southernmost point of India?
Ans: Pygmalion or Indira Point in Andaman & Nicobar Islands
2.What is the length of the coastline of the country including Lakshdweep and Andaman & Nicobar islands?
Ans: 7516 Km
3.What is the Standard Meridian of India ?
Ans: 82∘ 30′
4.With which country India shares its longest border?
5.Which channel separates Andaman and Nicobar Group?
Ans: 10 Degree Channel
6.Which is the only Indus river tributary which flows entirely in India?
Ans: River Beas
7.Where did the Ganga river originate from?
Ans: Gangotri glacier, Uttarakhand
8.What is the route of National Waterway 2 that is on Brahmaputra river?
Ans: Dhubri to Sadiya
9.In which soil is the process of self ploughing found?
Ans: Black soil
10.Red soils are red in colour due to the presence of ___
Ans: Iron Oxides
11.Which types of crops are mainly grown in Laterite soils?
Ans: Plantation Crops like tea, coffee
12.Where does the eastern ghats and western ghats meet?
13.What is the highest peak in South India?
14.What are the Coastal plains from Daman to Goa called?
Ans: Konkan coast
15.Which channel separates Minicoy island from the main Lakshadweep?
Ans: Nine Degree channel
16.Winter rain in Chennai is caused by____
Ans: North East Monsoon
17.Which type of climate has the characteristic of seasonal reversal of winds?
Ans: Monsoon Climate
18.Where is the Nokrek Biosphere Reserve located?
19.How many biosphere reserves are in India?
20.Where is the Kakrapara Nuclear plant located?
21.Where was the India’s first cotton textile mill setup?
Ans: Mumbai, 1854
22.Where was the India’s first Jute mill setup?
Ans: Rishra near kolkata in 1855
23.Which is the longest National Highway in the Country?
Ans: NH7 connecting Varanasi to Kanyakumari
24.Which state has the largest length of national highways?
Ans: Uttar Pradesh
25.Where is the headquarters of South-Eastern Railway zone?
26.Which state has the highest urban population?
27.What are the left bank tributaries of river Godavari?
Ans: Penganga, Wardha, Wainganga, Indravati and Sabri.
28.Which direction flowing rivers generally form estuaries at their mouth?
Ans: West flowing rivers
29.Sardar sarovar dam is constructed on the river___
30.Which country is separated from india through narrow Palk Strait?
Ans: Sri Lanka
31.Name the states through which the Tropic of Cancer passes through
Ans: Mizoram, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Chattisgarh, West Bengal, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh & Tripura
32.Where does the rivers Beas and Sutlej meet?
33.Which river originates from the northern hills of Dandakaranya, Raipur, Chattisgarh?
34.Which state has the largest forest cover in the Country?
Ans: Madhya Pradesh
35.Where are the Naharkatiya and Digboi mines located in the country?
36.Which is the largest cotton producing state in the country?
37.Which states are drained by the Cauvery river?
Ans: Karnataka, Kerala, Puducherry and Tamil Nadu
38.Which coastal plains have backwaters locally called Kayals?
Ans: Malabar coast
39.What is the zone of low pressure called where Northeast trade winds and southeast trade winds converge?
Ans: Inter Tropical Convergence Zone
40.What type of crops are grown in Rabi season?
Ans: Wheat, gram, barley, potato, oil seeds such as linseed, rapeseed and mustard
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