New Top Indian History Timeline notes pdf in English
Indus Valley Civilization (c. 3300-1300 BCE):
One of the earliest urban civilizations, known for its well-planned cities like Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro.
Vedic Period (c. 1500-600 BCE):
Vedic texts and hymns were composed, providing insights into early Indian society and culture.
Maurya Empire (c. 322-185 BCE):
Founded by Chandragupta Maurya and later expanded by Emperor Ashoka, who embraced Buddhism and promoted its principles.
Gupta Empire (c. 320-550 CE):
Known as the Golden Age of India, marked by advancements in arts, sciences, and trade.
Delhi Sultanate (c. 1206-1526 CE):
A series of Muslim dynasties ruled over parts of northern India, including the Mamluks, Khiljis, Tughlaqs, Sayyids, and Lodis.
Mughal Empire (c. 1526-1857 CE):
Established by Babur, the Mughal Empire reached its zenith under Akbar and later declined.
British East India Company Rule (c. 1757-1858 CE):
The British East India Company gradually gained control over various regions in India.
Indian Rebellion of 1857 (First War of Independence):
A major uprising against British rule, led by Indian soldiers and civilians, but it was suppressed by the British.
Indian National Congress (founded in 1885):
The INC became a prominent political organization seeking India’s independence from British rule.
Non-Cooperation Movement (1920-1922):
Led by Mahatma Gandhi, it was a campaign of nonviolent resistance against British policies.
Civil Disobedience Movement (1930-1934):
Another movement led by Gandhi, advocating nonviolent resistance and mass civil disobedience.
Quit India Movement (1942):
A movement demanding immediate British withdrawal from India, leading to mass protests and arrests.
Independence and Partition (1947):
India gained independence on August 15, 1947, and was partitioned into India and Pakistan (later East Pakistan and Bangladesh).
Formation of the Republic of India (1950):
India adopted its new Constitution and officially became a sovereign republic.
Green Revolution (1960s-1970s):
An agricultural transformation that increased food production and reduced dependence on imports.
Economic Reforms (1991):
India initiated economic liberalization and globalization policies to spur economic growth.
Kargil War (1999):
A conflict between India and Pakistan over territorial disputes in the Kargil region of Jammu and Kashmir.
India has since continued to develop as a democratic nation, achieving progress in various fields and facing diverse challenges.
Please note that this timeline provides a general overview of key events in Indian history, but there are many more significant events and complexities that have shaped the nation’s rich and diverse past.
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Most Important Indian History Question Answer
1. Which among the following is not a correct pair?
A. Ellora Caves – Rastrakuta Rulers
B. Mahabalipuram – Pallava Rulers
C. Khajuraho – Chandellas
D. Elephanta Caves – Mauyra Era
2. Which among the following Kavya of Sanskrit, deal with court intrigues & access to power of Chandragupta Maurya?
3. On which of the following systems of Hindu Philosophy , Shankaracharya wrote commentary in 9th century AD?
4. The eighth-century tripartite power struggle was among which of the following?
A. Cholas, Rastrakutas and Yadavas,
B. Chalukyas, Pallavas and Pandyas
C. Cholas, Pandyas and Chalukyas
D. Chalukyas, Pallavas and Yadavas
5. Which among the following is not correct?
A. The capital of pandyas was Madurai
B. The capital of Cheras was Vanchi
C. Capital of the Videha Kingdom – Mithila
D. Capital of Gahadwal Dynasty – Kannauj
6. Which king started the organization of Kumbh fair at Allahabad?
B. Dhruvasena Ii
7. Upnishads are books on :
D. Social life
8. Who was the first Indian ruler who had territory outside India?
B. Chandragupta Maurya
9. Which of the following statement is wrong?
A. Sunga dynasty was founded by pushyamitra
B. Ashoka the great Mauryan king died in 332 BC
C. Ashoka invaded the kalinga in 261 BC
D. Chandragupta Maurya earned the title of the Liberator.
10. Who among the following was worshipped during Early Vedic Civilization?
D. All the above
11. Where were the hymns of Rigveda composed?
D. Uttar Pradesh
12. Which among the following is a place in Larkana district of Sind province in Pakistan?
13. What led to the end of Indus Valley Civilization?
A. Invasion of Aryans
B. Recurrent Floods
D. All the above
14. Who was the main male God worshipped by Indus people?
A. Lord Vishnu
15. Which empire lasted the longest among the following?
A. The Palas
B. The Pratiharas
C. The Rashtrakutas
D. The Senas
16. Which of the following statement is wrong?
A. Dharmpala was the founder of Pala dynasty.
B. Vikramashila University was founded by Dharmpala ?
C. Bhoja was the founder of Pritihara Empire.
D. Krishna III was the last Rashtrakuta king.
17. Which of the following statement is/ are correct?
I. In the 326 BC Alexander invaded India.
II. Ambhi (king of TaxilA. welcomed Alexander and his men
III. Alexander died in 332 BC
A. All are correct
B. Only I, III
C. Only I, II
D. II, III
18. Who was the ruler of the kingdom between the rivers Jhelum and Chenab?
A. Alexander the Great
B. Darius III
C. King Porus
D. Chandragupta Maurya
19. Who was the last Hindu emperor of northern India?
B. Pulakesin II
20. Which of the following statement is/are correct?
I. Pulakesn I was the first ruler of the Chalukya dynasty?
II. Harshavardhana attacked the Chalukya territory during 608-642 AD?
III. Vikramaditya I died in 608 A.D.
A. All are correct
B. Only I
C. Only II,III
D. Only I, III
1. How many layers of Mohenjo-daro were found?
2. Which of the following literatures is known as Apaurusheya?
3. Out of 10 Mandals which pair is the latest?
A. 1 & 2
B. 5 & 6
C. 3 & 7
D. 1 & 10
4. Which Mandal is on the name of Vishwamitra?
5. Which is known as book of Melody?
6. Which Veda deals with magical hymn or charms of spell?
7. Economy of Vedic period was based on?
D. Cotton Cultivation
8. What is the ancient name of river Satulaj?
9. Who was the master of Gautama Buddha?
A. Alara Kalama
10. Who was the first nun of Gautama Buddha?
1. Study of inscription is called:
2. Which of the following is related to Etymology?
3. Who wrote Panchatantra?
B. Vishnu Sharma
4. Which of the following is not a religious text?
D. None of the above
5. Kalinga was situated between?
A. Godavari & Krishna
B. Mahanadi & Godavari
C. Mahanadi & Krishna
D. Krishna & Kaveri
6. What was the capital of Avanti?
7. Satavahana dynasty originated from?
A. South of Arawali
B. South of Vindhya
C. South of Satpura
D. South of Satmola
8. Which of following Chalcolithic sites comes under Ganges system?
9. Which of the following metals was not known during the Indus Valley Civilization?
10. Most depicted animal of the Indus Valley Civilization was?
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