Explanatory notes for History with MCQs
1. Historical Periods:
History is often divided into different periods based on major events, developments, and cultural shifts.
Common historical periods include Ancient, Medieval, and Modern history.
Ancient history covers the earliest civilizations up to the fall of the Roman Empire.
Medieval history refers to the Middle Ages, characterized by feudalism, the rise of Christianity, and the spread of Islam.
Modern history encompasses the Renaissance, Enlightenment, Industrial Revolution, and contemporary events.
2. Historical Sources:
Historical knowledge is derived from various sources, including written records, oral traditions, archaeological findings, and visual materials.
Primary sources are original documents or artifacts from the time under study.
Secondary sources are interpretations or analyses of primary sources by historians.
Historiography is the study of how history has been written and interpreted over time.
It examines how historical narratives are shaped by the perspectives of different historians, their biases, and cultural contexts.
4. Social, Political, and Cultural History:
Social history focuses on the lives and experiences of ordinary people, including their daily routines, social structures, and cultural practices.
Political history examines the evolution of political systems, the rise and fall of empires, revolutions, and the interactions between rulers and subjects.
Cultural history delves into artistic, intellectual, and cultural developments, including literature, art, philosophy, and religious beliefs.
5. Economic History:
Economic history explores the economic activities, trade, commerce, and economic structures of different time periods.
It studies factors such as technological advancements, economic policies, and their impact on societies.
6. History of Science and Technology:
This area explores the progression of scientific discoveries, technological innovations, and their influence on societal development.
7. World History vs. National/Regional History:
World history focuses on global events, interactions between different cultures, and the broader impact of historical developments.
National or regional history delves into the history of specific countries or regions, considering their unique contexts.
8. Historical Interpretation:
Historical events can be interpreted in various ways based on differing viewpoints and available evidence.
Historians analyze sources critically, consider multiple perspectives, and construct narratives that best explain past events.
9. Impact of History on the Present:
Studying history helps us understand the roots of current social, political, and cultural phenomena.
Lessons from history inform decision-making, policy formulation, and societal progress.
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Most Important History Question Answer
Q. In 1717, who among the following Mughal emperors had issued the royal edict to allow the business privilege to Britain’s East India Company–
(A) Shah Alam II
(B) Bahadur Shah
(C) Jahandar Shah
Answer : D
Solution: In 1717, the Mughal emperor Farquhazier issued a state order to allow Britain’s East India Company to offer business opportunities. Better known as the “Farquhazier Farman”.
Q. Why did Dutch East India Company fail to maintain its influence in India ?
(A) Portuguese did not allow them to trade in India
(B) There was a growing interference of Dutch Government in the Company’s internal affairs
(C) Dutch indulged in forcible religious conversion of the people and thus were expelled by local Kings
(D) The English forces made them to leave India.
Answer : D
Solution: The Dutch East India Company failed to maintain its influence in India as English forces forced them to leave India.
They also had to leave India due to lack of qualified officers.
Q. Who is the first governor General of British India ?
(A) Lord Canning
(B) Lord dalhousi
(C) Lord William Bentick
(D) Lord Welesly
Answer : C
Solution: LORD WILLIAM BENTICK : First governor general of British India was LORD WILLIAM BENTICK. Chartet act of 1833 made the Governor General of Bengal as the Governor General of India. And first such one was LORD WILLIAM BENTICK. LORD WARREN HASTINGS was the first Governor general of bengal.
Q. With reference to the entry of European powers into India, which one of the following statements is NOT correct ?
(A) The Portuguese captured Goa in 1499
(B) The English opened their first factory in South India at Masulipattam
(C) In Eastern India, the English Company opened its first factory in Orissa in 1633
(D) Under the leadership of Dupleix, the French occupied Madras in 1746.
Answer : A
Solution: Except for the first of the given options, all the others are correct in terms of European power entry into India. The Portuguese occupied Goa on 25 November 1510.
Q. Which one of the following pairs of History landmark and the associated person is NOT correctly matched.
(A) Slave Dynasty : Qutubuddin Aibak
(B) Tughlaq Dynasty : Ghiyasuddin
(C) Second Anglo _ Mysor War : Hyder ali
(D) Battle of Buxar : Sirajuddaulah
Answer : D
Solution: The fourth option is incompatible with the given options. The Battle of Boxer (1764) took place in Mir Kasim in conjunction with the British East India Company. The victory of the British East India Company paved the way for the establishment of English rule in India.
Q. Which historian is famous for his studies on the history of ancient India ?
(A) Satish Chandra
(B) Bipan Chandra
(C) Ramsharan Sharma
(D) Amlesh Tripathi
Answer : C
Solution: Ram Sharan Sharma (26 November 1919 – 20 August 2011), commonly referred to as R. S. Sharma, was a historian and academic of Ancient and early Medieval India, who advocated the Marxist
Q. The book ‘jiz’ Muhammad Shahi’ releted to knowledge of Astrology produced in 1733 is written by —
(A) Jaswant Singh of Jodhpur
(B) Raja bharmall of Amber
(C) Sawai jai Singh of Jaipur
(D) Maharana Amar Singh of Udaipur
Answer : C
Solution: On the knowledge of astrology, the book ‘Jiz’ by Muhammad Shahi was written by Sawai Jai Singh of Jaipur.
Q. Which one of the following statement is NOT correct ?
(A) Ali Mardan Khan introduced the system of revenue farming in Bangal
(B) Maharaja Ranjit Singh set up modern foundries to manufacture cannons at Lahore
(C) Sawai Jai Singh of Amber had Euclid’s ‘Elements of Geometry’ translated into Sanskrit
(D) Sultan Tipu of My sore gavemoney for the construction of the idol of goddess Sharda in Sringeri temple
Answer : A
Solution: The statement in the first option is incorrect. In the declining days of Mughal Empire, the control over the revenue officials became weak. The flow of income started declining. So, the system called ‘revenue farming’ was introduced in Bengal in the reign of Farukhsiyer (1713-19).
Q. The cause of decline of textile industries in 18th century in Bangal was –
(A) decline in quality of production
(B) non-availability of raw material
(C) high tariff rates on exports to Britain
(D) non-availability of craftsmen
Answer : C
Solution: After the rule of the British Empire over the Indian textile industry, they paid tariff on the export of Indian goods to Britain, thus breaking the waistline of Indian textile industry.
Q. Name of the journalist who whole-heartedly championed the cause of indigo Movement was–
(A) Sisir Kumar Ghosh
(B) Harish Chandra Mukherjee
(C) Barindra Ghosh
(D) Bipin Chandra pal
Answer : B
Solution: Harish Chandra Mukharjee is a journalist and social worker. He, through his Hindu Patriot newspaper, made it clear to the people of Nilkar’s persecution.
(a) 4 percent of the land revenue claimed by zamindars.
(b) 40 percent of the land revenue claimed by zamindars.
(c) 44 percent of the land revenue claimed by zamindars.
(d) 25 percent of the land revenue claimed by zamindars.
Answer: (d) 25 percent of the land revenue claimed by zamindars.
Q. The organisation of the Sikhs into a political community during the seventeenth century helped in regional state-building in the
Answer: (a) Punjab
Q. In 1708, the Khalsa rose in revolt against the Mughal authority under whose leadership, declared their sovereign rule.
(a) Banda Singh
(b) Banda Dev
(c) Bahadur’s Singh
(d) Banda Bahadur’s
Answer: (d) Banda Bahadur’s
Q. 9-10 percent of the land revenue paid to the head revenue collector in the Deccan called
Answer: (a) Sardeshmukhi
Q. Revenue farmers were called
Answer: (b) Ijaradars
Q. The Mughals emperors after ________were unable to arrest the gradual shifting of political and economic authority into the hands of provincial governors, local chieftains and other groups.
Answer: (d) Aurangzeb
Q. Many Rajput kings, had served under the Mughals with distinction particularly those belonging to
(a) Jaipur and Jaisalmer
(b) Amber and Jodhpur
(c) Amber and Jaisalmer
(d) Jaisalmer and Jodhpur
Answer: (b) Amber and Jodhpur
Q. Burhan-ul-Mulk Saradat Khan was appointed subadar of
Answer: (a) Awadh
Q. Under whose reign the banking house of Jagat Seth became extremely prosperous.
(a) Shah Alam II
(b) Alivardi khan
(c) Mir Jafar
(d) Nadir shah
Answer: (b) Alivardi khan
Q. Who controlled the offices of revenue and military administration
(a) Local people
Answer: (c) Governors
Q. Telugu warrior chiefs were called
Answer: (b) Nayakas
Q. Guru Gobind Singh died in
Answer: (c) 1708
Q. Nizam-ul-Mulk Asaf Jah, the founder of
(a) Hyderabad state
(b) Bengal state
(c) Awadh state
(d) Maratha state
Answer: (a) Hyderabad state
Q. Peacock throne was looted by
(a) Mehmood Ghazni
(b) Nadir Shah
(c) Ahmad Shah Abdali
Answer: (b) Nadir Shah
Q. Burhan-ul-Mulk also held the combined offices of
(a) Diwani, Mansabdari and Faujdari
(b) Diwani, Iqta and Mansabdari
(c) Subadari, Diwani and Nayak
(d) Subadari, Diwani and Faujdari
Answer: (d) Subadari, Diwani and Faujdari
Q. Ahmad Shah Abdali was the
(a) Iran Ruler
(b) Pakistan Ruler
(c) Afghan Ruler
(d) Iraq Ruler
Answer: (c) Afghan Ruler
Q. Asaf Jah and Murshid Quli Khan held a zat rank of
(a) 7,000 each
(b) 6,000 each
(c) 9,000 each
(d) 8,000 each
Answer: (a) 7,000 each
Q. Who was given the subadari of Agra in 1722
(a) Raja Ajit Singh
(b) Raja Amrit Singh
(c) Raja Jai Singh
(d) Raja Amber Singh
Answer: (c) Raja Jai Singh
Q. Why Mughals empire was facing problems closing of 17th century
(a) Britishers were under the control of Mughals
(b) Mughals military resources were very powerful
(c) Mughals successors left the Delhi
(d) Financial resources were depleted
Answer: (d) Financial resources were depleted
Q. Mughals empire started declining its power under the region of
Answer: (d) Aurangzeb
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