Environmental Science (Environmental Studies) pdf for UPSC 2023

Environmental Science (Environmental Studies) pdf for UPSC 2023

Environmental Science (Environmental Studies) pdf for UPSC 2023

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Environmental Science (Environmental Studies) pdf for UPSC 2023:- Today we are sharing Environmental Science (Environmental Studies) pdf for UPSC 2023. This Environmental Science (Environmental Studies) pdf for UPSC 2023 for upcoming examination like UPSC, SSC CGL, LIC, NTPC, DSSSB, SSB, DDA, RPSC, RAS, MCD, ACF, POLICE, ALL STATE PCS EXAM. In today’s post, the handwritten notes of Environment Handwritten Notes for UPSC 2023 will provide useful very important PDF for the Hindi book exam. In today’s PDF, important facts related to Environment Notes Pdf  have been included from the point of view of the exam. Environment will prove to be very useful for all of you for the upcoming competitive examinations.

Environmental Science (Environmental Studies) pdf for UPSC 2023 Here we will provide you the link to download the PDF of Environment Class Notes Book prepared so that you can easily download this PDF on your mobile or laptop. can save in . If you get time, you can read it sitting anywhere. This book is very important from the point of view of exam, you can also read it by it from you. Environment Handwritten Complete Notes PDF in Hindi My readers often ask me that Environment Complete Notes PDF.

Environmental Science (Environmental Studies) pdf for UPSC 2023 Complete Chapter wise and Type wise notes PDF, Environment Handwritten Notes PDF Download, Environment Handwritten Class Notes PDF in Hindi, Environment Handwritten Notes Provide link to Pdfdownload.in Keeping this in view, today I have prepared this post. Here is a link to download PDF of Handwritten Notes on Environment prepared. To download this PDF all of you click on the Download Button below here.

Download GK Notes 

Environmental Objective Question in Hindi

Q 1. Which of the following process unit is used for air pollution control in chemical plants?
A. Thermal Oxidizer
C. Fluidized bed Combustion
D. None of these.

Answer: Option A
Explanation: Thermal Oxidizer used in many chemical plants to control air pollution. It helps to destroy hazardous air pollutants and volatile organic compounds at a high temperature and releases them into the atmosphere.

Q 2. Full form of CTBT is;
A. Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty.
B. Comprehensive Test Bank Trust.
C. Comprehensive Trust Ban Treaty.
D. Comprehensive Test Ban Trusty.

Answer: Option A
Explanation: Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty or CTBT bans nuclear explosive testing for everyone, everywhere, in all environments. CTBT makes very difficult for the countries to test or develop any nuclear weapon. The CTBT was opened for signature in 1996.

Q 3. What is the full form of BOD?
A. Bactorial Oxygen Demand.
B. Biological Oxygen Demand.
C. Biological Oxide Demand.
D. None of these.

Answer: Option B
Explanation: BOD or Biological Oxygen Demand indicates the amount of dissolved oxygen needed by biological microorganisms in the biological process of breaking down organic substances in water.

It is also called as Biochemical oxygen demand.

Q 4. How much percentage of nitrogen consist in Earth’s Atmosphere?
A. 25%.
B. 12%.
C. 92%.
D. 78%.

Answer: Option D
Explanation: Earth atmosphere consists of a layer of gases. It is known as air. The composition of Dry air contains; 78.09% of Nitrogen(N2), 20.95% of Oxygen (O2), 0.93% of Argon (Ar) and 0.04% of Carbon dioxide(CO2).

Also, it contains small amounts of other gases like; helium, neon, krypton, hydrogen and water vapour.

Q 5. Full form of COD is;
A. Chemical Oxide Demand.
B. Chemical Oxygen Demand.
C. Chemical Ozone Demand.
D. None of these.

Answer: Option B
Q 6. The disease “Itai Itai” is caused by;
A. Manganize.
B. Carbon.
C. Cadmium.
D. None of these.

Answer: Option C
Q 7. Human being can hear range of sound frequency between;
A. 20-20,000 Hertz.
B. 10-1,000 Hertz.
C. 1-100 Hertz.
D. 1-7 Hertz

Answer: Option A
Explanation: 20-20,000 Hertz is the common human hearing range. Though it differs between individuals.

There are many animals that can hear beyond the range of human beings. For example, some whales can hear infrasonic sounds of 7 Hz in water, and, some bats and dolphins can hear frequencies up to 100,000 Hz.

The researcher has also found that human being can hear up to 200,000 Hz in underwater, which is 10 times higher than the top frequency(20,000 Hz) of a human can hear on land.

Q 8. Which of the following energy sources is/are the alternative energy to fossil fuel?
A. Marine energy
B. Wind energy
C. Solar energy
D. All of these

Answer: Option D

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Environmental Objective Question in Hindi

Q 9. What percentage of land area should remain covered by forest in India to maintain ecological balance?
A. 10%
B. 5%
C. 33%
D. None of these.

Answer: Option C
Explanation: In the past, the British have introduced many scientific approaches for the development and management of the forest. But the first approach by the government was traced to National Forest Policy, 1894, which was revised in 1952. The policy focuses on the extension of forest and start a green movement in the country.

This policy states that 33% of the geographical area should be covered by forest/tree.

Also, 60% of the land area will be in the hills and 20% will be in the plains.

Later the National Forest Policy again revised by the policymakers in
1988 and they give priority to the sustainable development of the forest.

Q 10. First International Conference on environment held on;
A. March,1968.
B. March,1970.
C. June,1970.
D. June,1972.

Answer: Option D
Explanation: United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, (also known as Stockholm Conference held in Stockholm, Sweden from June 5-16 in 1972. It was the first UN(United Nations) conference that focuses on international environmental issues.

Q 11. With respect to environment science, full form of SPM is;
A. Suspended Partial Matter.
B. Suspended Particulate Matter.
C. Suspended Pollutant Matter.
D. None of these.

Answer: Option B
Explanation:- Suspended particulate matter (SPM) are microscopic solids or liquids that
contain organic and inorganic particles like; dust, pollen, smoke or liquid droplets. These particles may be dispersed through the air from combustion processes, industrial activities or natural sources.

Q 12. In an ecosystem, bacteria are the
A. Producers.
B. Primary consumers.
C. Secondary consumers.
D. Decomposers.

Answer: Option D
Explanation:- Decomposers are organisms that break down dead plants & animals and also break down waste of other organisms. Some of the common decomposers are bacteria, worms, slugs, snails, and fungi.

Environmental Objective Question in Hindi

Q 13. Deforestation generally decreases;
A. Rainfall.
B. Global warming.
C. Soil erosion.
D. Drought.

Answer: Option A

Q 14. Which one of the following are non-renewable resources?
A. Animals.
B. Forests.
C. Fossil fuels.
D. All of these.

Answer: Option C
Q 15. Biosphere reserve project was initiated in India during;
A. 1986
B. 1984
C. 1989
D. 1985

Answer: Option A
Q 16. Sound becomes hazardous noise pollution at decibels-
A. Above 50.
B. Above 80.
C. Above 100.
D. Above 130.

Answer: Option B
Q 17. Phytoplanktons are the members of;
A. Grassland ecosystem.
B. Desert ecosystem.
C. Forest ecosystem.
D. Aquatic ecosystem.

Answer: Option D
Q 18. Syringes are examples of
A. Industrial wastes.
B. Biomedical wastes.
C. Domestic wastes.
D. Radioactive wastes.

Answer: Option B
Q 19. Silviculture is the management of-
A. Rivers.
B. Lakes.
C. Hills.
D. Forests.

Answer: Option D
Q 20. Minamata diseasse are first detected in;
A. Mexico.
B. Japan.
D. India.

Answer: Option B

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