Cell the Basic Unit Of Life NEET notes pdf in English

Cell the Basic Unit Of Life NEET notes pdf in English

Cell the Basic Unit Of Life NEET notes pdf in English

Hello friends,

Cell the Basic Unit Of Life NEET notes pdf in English:- Today we are sharing Cell the Basic Unit Of Life NEET notes pdf in English. This Cell the Basic Unit Of Life NEET notes pdf in English download for upcoming examination like NEET, JEE, NTPC, SSC CGL, LIC, REET, UPPSC, MPTET, DSSSB, RPSC, UPSC, DRDO, DDA, AAI, SSC GD, ALL STATE PCS EXAM. This Cell the Basic Unit Of Life NEET notes pdf in English download and important questions Cell the Basic Unit Of Life NEET notes pdf in English which Will be helpful for you in preparing for the exams. Keep watching the updates on this website every day, here the notes and questions are updated daily, if you need notes/questions on any subject or topic, then you can contact our team. pdfdownload.in The team is looking forward to supporting you.

Cell the Basic Unit Of Life NEET notes pdf in English download for all competitive exams like UPSC, Railway and All Competitive Exams is important in all GOVT. Exams. Common questions are placed in Cell the Basic Unit Of Life NEET notes pdf in English download, UPSC, Railway and All Competitive Exams, which has been put together in most examinations, can download, which has been put together in most examinations, you can download this PDF Notes very simply by clicking on the Download Button at the bottom. This Cell the Basic Unit Of Life NEET notes pdf in English download All in One Questions and Answers in Hindi PDF Download post is dedicated to downloading our pdfdownload.in for free PDFs, which are the latest exam pattern based for NEET, JEE, JEE ADVANCE, UPSC, SSC, And All One-day Govt. exams, etc.

Biology is a critical skill that inculcates Biological Classification NEET exam notes pdf in English and out-of-the-box analytical abilities. Studying Biology will enable you to get much better at abstract reasoning. By going through the NCERT Book Class 11 Biology Chapter 22: Cell the Basic Unit Of Life NEET notes pdf in English download and working your way through every question, you will be basically setting yourself up for success in Class 11 board exams, at least where is involved. Every exam you will get at least 20-25 questions from Cell the Basic Unit Of Life NEET notes pdf in English download. So candidates must focus on the Cell the Basic Unit Of Life NEET notes pdf in English and answers in Hindi pdf 2022 For NEET, JEE, JEE ADVANCE, SSC Bank and download this Environment And Issue NCERT notes pdf for NEET exam Book to get important questions with the best solutions. We have put all Previous Year Questions of NEET that are Asked in various Govt & Private Exam.

Download GK Notes 

Most Important Cell the Basic Unit Of Life Question

Q.1. What is the importance of a vacuole in a plant cell?

Ans. The vacuole is a membrane-bound space in the cytoplasm of a plant cell. It contains sap, water, excretory products and other materials not useful for the cell. Vacuoles occupy 90% of the cell volume during osmosis. They maintain the turgor pressure against the cell wall thereby maintaining the shape of the cell and cell fluid balance.

Q.2. What is a satellite chromosome?

Ans. The chromosomes that have an additional or secondary constriction at the distal part of the arm formed by a chromatin thread are known as satellite chromosomes. These appear as an outgrowth or a small fragment. These are also known as marker chromosomes. The chromosomes 13, 14, 15, 16, 21, and 22 are satellite chromosomes.

Q.3. Match the following:

Column I Column II
Cristae Fat membranous sacs in the stroma
Cisternae Infoldings in mitochondria
Thylakoids Disc-shaped sacs in Golgi apparatus
Ans. Cristae- Infoldings in mitochondria Cisternae- Disc-shaped sacs in Golgi apparatus Thylakoids- Fat membranous sacs in the stroma.

Q.4. State the characteristics of prokaryotic cells.

Ans. The characteristics of a prokaryotic cell are as follows:

A prokaryotic cell is surrounded by a cell membrane.
Mitochondria, chloroplast and nucleus are not present.
The DNA is circular and not associated with basic proteins.
The cytoplasm is filled with dense granules most of which are ribosomes.
The thylakoids are scattered in the chloroplast, and not placed in the form of stacks.

Q.5. Multicellular organisms exhibit division of labour. Comment.

Ans. The cells of a multicellular organism are organised to form tissues such as bones, blood etc. The tissues collectively form an organ such as kidney, liver, etc. and these organs organize to form an organ system, for eg., digestive system, circulatory system etc. Every single cell has its own function. Different organs and organ systems carry out different functions which help in the proper functioning of an individual.

Q.6. Why is cell the basic unit of life?

Ans. A human body is made up of trillions of cells. There are various organisms with a single cell such as amoeba. All cells divide to form new cells and possess several organelles to carry out various life functions. The cells of an organism carry the same genetic material which carries all the hereditary information of an individual. That is why it is called the basic unit of life.

Q.7. What do you mean by plasmids? What role do they play in bacteria?

Ans. A plasmid is an autonomously replicating, extra-chromosomal, circular, double-stranded DNA found in the cytoplasm of the bacterial cell. These usually remain separate from the chromosome.
Role- Plasmids act as vectors to transfer important genes and in recombination experiments. It also helps in bacterial conjugation. For eg., pBR322

Q.8. Describe the cell theory in brief.

Ans. The cell theory is based on the following postulates:

The cell is the basic structural and functional unit of life.
All living organisms are made up of cells.
All cells arise from pre-existing cells.

Q.9. Differentiate between Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum and Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum.

Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (RER) Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (SER)
Ribosomes are attached to their surface. Ribosomes are not attached to their surface.
Formed of cisternae and a few tubules. Formed of vesicles and tubules.
It participates in the protein and enzyme synthesis. Takes part in the synthesis of glycogen, lipids, and steroids.
May develop from the nuclear envelope. May develop from RER.
It is internal. It is peripheral.
It is connected to the nuclear envelope. It is connected to the plasmalemma.
Lacks detoxification enzymes. Contains detoxification enzymes.
Gives rise to lysosomes. Gives rise to sphaerosomes.

Q.10. What is the biochemical composition of the plasma membrane?

Ans. The plasma membrane comprises of the following biochemical components:

Lipids- 20-79%
Proteins- 20-70%
Carbohydrates- 1-5%
Water- 20%

More Related PDF Download

Maths Topicwise Free PDF >Click Here To Download
English Topicwise Free PDF >Click Here To Download
GK/GS/GA Topicwise Free PDF >Click Here To Download
Reasoning Topicwise Free PDF >Click Here To Download
Indian Polity Free PDF >Click Here To Download
History  Free PDF > Click Here To Download
Computer Topicwise Short Tricks >Click Here To Download
EnvironmentTopicwise Free PDF > Click Here To Download
SSC Notes Download > Click Here To Download

Most Important Cell the Basic Unit Of Life  Question

Q.11. What is a mesosome?

Ans. Mesosome is formed by the extension of the plasma membrane into the cell in prokaryotes. It facilitates cell wall formation, DNA replication, and distribution of DNA to the daughter cells. It also helps in respiration and secretion and increases the surface area of the plasma membrane and enzymatic content.

Q.12. What are histones? What role do they play?

Ans. Histones are alkaline proteins found inside the nucleus of eukaryotic cells. They package the DNA into structural units called nucleosomes. They are the main proteins in chromatin.

Q.13. What does “S” stand for in the 70S and 80S ribosome?

Ans. “S” is the Svedberg’s unit for sedimentation coefficient. It depicts the rate of sedimentation of a cell during ultracentrifugation. Heavier the cell structure, higher is the sedimentation coefficient.

Q.14. Why are mitochondria known as the “powerhouse of the cell”?

Ans. Mitochondria carry out the process of anaerobic respiration and generate ATP for cell functioning. That is why it is called “powerhouse of the cell”.

Q.15. What is the fluid mosaic model of the plasma membrane?

Ans. The fluid mosaic model was proposed by Singer and Nicholson. It explains the structures and functions of various cell membranes. According to this model, the protein molecules are embedded in the lipid bilayer. This lipid bilayer gives elasticity and fluidity to the cell membrane. For more information on Cells or any Biology article, keep visiting BYJU’S website. You can also download BYJU’S app for further reference.

Q.16.Who proposed the fluid mosaic model of the plasma membrane

Ans. The fluid mosaic model was first proposed by S.J. Singer and Garth L. Nicolson in the year 1972.

Q.17.Define tonoplast?

Ans. Tonoplast, also called as the vacuolar membrane is the cytoplasmic membrane filled with cell sap and functions as a membrane boundary of the vacuole of plant cells

Q.18.What is the significance of vacuole in a plant cell?

Ans. The vacuole is the primary storage organelle of a cell. In the plant cell, this organelle plays a primary role in storing water, food and other essential minerals required for their cellular activities.

Q.19.What is the main function of the chloroplast in a plant cell?

Ans. The chloroplast is green coloured plastids, which comprises of green-coloured pigments within the plant cell and are called as the chlorophyll. The most important function of the chloroplast is the production of food by the process of photosynthesis.

Q.20.How many types of plastids are there in a plant cell?

Ans.There are three types of plastids- chloroplast, chromoplast and leucoplast.

Q.21.Who Discovered the cell?

Ans. Robert Hooke, an English natural philosopher, was the first person to discover the cell in the year 1665. Later, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, a Dutch scientist observed cells under another compound microscope

Q.22.List out the functions of a Cell.

Ans.The cell is the fundamental unit of life. It performs various important functions, which are essential for both the growth and development of an organism. Listed below are few of the functions of a Cell.

Plays a vital role in reproduction
It facilitates growth by cell division.
The cell provides support and structure to the body.
Provides energy and allows the transport of substances.
Includes different organelles associated with different functions within the cell.

Q.23.What are Thylakoids?

Ans.Thylakoids are the membrane-bound organelles present within the chloroplasts of a plant cell.hey are the site of the light-dependent reactions of photosynthesis.

Q.24.What is ATP?

Ans. ATP – Adenosine triphosphate is the organic molecules, which provide energy for various biochemical processes in the body. Therefore, these molecules are called the energy currency of the cell.

Q.25.Where does the transpiration occur in the plant cell?

Ans.The process of transpiration occurs in the stomata of a plant cell. They are the tiny opening or a minute pores found on the under-surface of leaves.

Q.26.List out the main differences between plant cell and animal cell.


Plant Cell Animal Cell
Rectangular in Shape. Round or irregular in shape.
The cell wall is present. The cell wall is absent.
Centrosomes are absent. Centrosomes are present.
Plastids are present. Plastids are absent.
Vacuoles are large and few. Vacuoles are small and many.
Mitochondria are few in number. Mitochondria are more in number.
Mode of nutrition is autotrophic. Mode of nutrition is Heterotrophic.
The nucleus is found on one side of the cell. The nucleus is found in the centre of the cell.

Q.27.Define cell theory?

Ans. The cell theory was proposed by the two scientists – Theodor Schleider and Matthias Schwann in the year 1839. According to this theory:

A new cell exists from pre-existing cells.
All cells have the same basic chemical structure.
The cell is the structural and functional unit of all living things.
Hereditary information is passed from parent cell to child cell.
The fundamental biochemical reactions of life take place within cells.
All living organisms existing on the planet earth are composed of one or more cells.

Q.28.Which cell organelle is found only in animal cells?

A.28. Cell organelles which are present exclusively in animal cells are Centrosomes.

Topic Related PDF Download

Download pdf

pdfdownload.in will bring you new PDFs on Daily Bases, which will be updated in all ways and uploaded on the website, which will prove to be very important for you to prepare for all your upcoming competitive exams.

The above PDF is only provided to you by PDFdownload.in, we are not the creator of the PDF, if you like the PDF or if you have any kind of doubt, suggestion, or question about the same, please send us on your mail. Do not hesitate to contact me. [email protected] or you can send suggestions in the comment box below.

Please Support By Joining Below Groups And Like Our Pages We Will be very thankful to you.

TEGS:-cell the unit of life notes pdf,cell the unit of life neet handwritten notes,cell the unit of life neet pdf,short notes of cell the unit of life,cell the unit of life class 11 aakash notes,cell the unit of life neet notes byju’s,cell the unit of life class 11 pdf download,cell the unit of life mcq for neet pdf vedantu

Author: Deep

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *